Order Code RL30243
CRS Report for Congress
Received through the CRS Web

The United States Flag:
Federal Law Relating to Display
and Associated Questions

Updated August 23, 2004

John R. Luckey
Legislative Attorney
American Law Division

§ 7. Position and Manner of Display.

(c) No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on the same level, to the
right of the flag of the United States of America, except during church services
conducted by naval chaplains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the
flag during church services for the personnel of the Navy. No person shall display the
flag of the United Nations or any other national or international flag equal, above, or in a
position of superior prominence or honor to or in place of the flag of the United States
or any Territory or possession thereof: Provided, that nothing in this section shall make
unlawful the continuance of the practice heretofore followed of displaying the flag of
the United Nations in a position of superior prominence or honor, and other national
flags in positions of equal prominence or honor, with that of the flag of the United
States at the headquarters of the United Nations.

( Note:  Meaning  the Flag’s right the viewers left.)
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Many Clues to Location
Answer to Quiz #188 - 14 December 2008
1. Where would you be if you walked two blocks east of this location?
2.  How can you tell where it is?
3.  Where are the closest places to park?
If you enjoy our quizzes, don't forget to order our books!
Quiz #188 Results

1.  On the western shore of Lake Mighican
2.  There are many clues:  
The flags of the United States, the State of Illinois, and the city of Chicago
The Prudential Building is a famous building in downtown Chicago
The licenses places are those of the State of Illinois
The building with the lions in front of it is the Art Institute of Chicago.
3. There are a few good places -
Imperial Parking, 200 S. Michigan Ave.,
and the lots at 55 E. Jackson Blvd.and at 325 S. Michigan Ave.
(See map below.)
What are the names of the lions?

The two bronze lions that flank the Michigan Avenue entrance were made for the Art
Institute's opening at its current location in 1893. They were a gift from Mrs. Henry
Field. They have unofficial "names," which were given by their sculptor Edward
Kemeys that are more like designations. You'll notice that the lions are not identical, and
thus are named for their poses: The south lion "stands in an attitude of defiance," while
the north lion is "on the prowl."
Comments from Our Readers
This was a fun puzzle that I solved with a co-worker in about half an hour.  I hate to
date myself, but I recognized some of those old cars.                            
John Roberts

When we lived closer to Chicago I loved to go to the art institute. I can tell you that
there was a Mrs. Field's two blocks away. Leave it to me to think about cookies!! But I
think it was one block south and one east. My husband knew the make year and model
on the cars so maybe he can get half credit??                                
Angie McLaughlin

I love this art museum!!!                                                                        
Judy Pfaff

I used the Prudential Building as a sort of marker to confirm the location and was able
to find one photo online that showed both the Pru Bldg and Art Institute.
Sue Edminster
I identified the Illinois flag and then the Chicago flag on the building on the right and
then Googled Chicago lion statues.  I could have looked for the Prudential Building also
once I had Chicago.

Interesting about the [highway] sign. I saw it but couldn't quite make out the numbers
without enhancing the image (which I almost did anyway because of the license plates).

I was surprised about how huge the Art Institute is.  I have never been there and in fact
have only driven through Chicago.  A visit is somewhere on my long list of trips I
would like to take as I have always wanted to see the U-Boat that is/was in one of their
Carolyn Cornelius

There's a parking lot directly north underground (Grant Park Garage) and another one a
block west at Adams & Wabash - I parked there last night!                
Elaine OCurry

We went to Chicago for a birthday weekend a few years ago and went to the museum
then. I remember how small "American Gothic" was and how surprising that was. But I
believe a lot has changed in that area since we were there. Isn't Millennium Park in that
area now? Anyway it's a great town to visit.                                  
Betty Chambers

Oh yes, quite familiar with the fact that Ferris Buehler's Day Off was filmed there, as it
is a favorite of mine and my cousins from Chicago.  I think we even emulated some of
the poses from the movie while studying "A Sunday on La Grande Jatte" by Georges
Seurat.  We unfortunately did not have as much time as we would have liked to go
through it so we tried to hit some of the highlights, although I'm not sure if we got to
see "American Gothic."                                                                     
Brian Kemp

Timeline referencing 50 star American flag in photo: Alaska entered Union on January
3, 1959 - rank 49th state; Hawai'i entered Union on August 21, 1959 - rank 50th state.
President Dwight David Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10834 on August 21,1959,
regarding design and impementation of 50 star American Flag. 50 star American Flag
raised officially for the first time at Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore,
Maryland on July 4, 1960.                                                                
Mike Dalton

It reminds me of the time I had an Elvis poster in my office at work. I had a friend who
came in the office and said why do you have a poster of a Harley? She saw the
motorcycle and didn't notice who was sitting on it. I saw Elvis and truthfully never
gave much thought to the bike. The same thing here. Mike saw the cars and was in
heaven. I saw the museum and wished we lived closer. I am guessing you run into that
sort of thing all the time. We see what interests us. For me it was the lions outside the
museum and the building in the distance with the unusual architecture.  Those seemed
to be ingrained in my mind. :)                                                   
Angie McLaughlin

I got caught up with this quiz in trying to work out when the lake shore was filled in
with landfill and thought that the answer to the first question might have actually been
“in Lake Michigan.”  I was trying to find websites like the one below that talked about
expansions of the shoreline over the years to reclaim parts of the lake for use.  Much of
Grant Park is landfill and the Monroe Station of the Chicago Yacht Club has had a
number of different buildings at the end of Monroe Street, all built on pilings.

I was unable to determine that any additional land was added as late as 1960, so I guess
I shouldn’t have over thought this quiz and just sent in the obvious.

I also spent a fair amount of time searching for what parking lots would have been
operating in the late 50’s or early 60’s, but it doesn’t appear that you meant for the
answer to be where the cars in the picture would have parked...        
Barbara Battles
Congratulations to Our Winners!

John Roberts                Angie McLaughlin
Lydia Sittman                Don Draper
Sandra McConathy                Gary Sterne
Mike Swierczewski                Robin Depietro
Norm Smith                Wayne Douglas
Beth Long                Elaine C. Hebert
Debbie Sterbinsky                Dennis Brann
Teresa Yu                Harold Clupper
Carl Blessing                Stephanie Shaw
Justin Campoli                Mary South
Audrey Speelman                Marilyn Hamill
Evan Hindman                Brian Kemp
Robert E. McKenna                Judy Pfaff
Mike Dalton                Joshua Kreitzer
Tamura Jones                Sue Edminster
Carolyn Cornelius                Betty Chambers
Stan Read                Dale Niesen
Phyllis Barattia                Elaine O'Curry
Bill Utterback                Jim Kiser
Fred Stuart                Diane Burkett
Lisa Stahlberg                Mike McLaughlin
Karen Kay Bunting                Venita Wilson
Mary Osmar                Barbara Battles
How John Solved the Puzzle
I found [the answer] by searching for
"Prudential Building."

I found a matching photo for the building using
Google.  Using Mapquest aerial view, I
determined the orientation of the building and
decided the photographer was facing North (the
photo was taken in the morning).  The building
with lions in front is the Chicago Art Institute.  

Here's a recent shot with the Prudential Building,
the lions, and the Art Institute sign  
http://chicagopictures.net/detail.aspx?id=210. The
positions of the lions' tails match both photos.  

According to the link
www.artic.edu/aic/aboutus/faq.html the lions
were named by the sculptor for their poses:
"The south lion "stands in an attitude of
defiance," while the north lion is "on the
prowl."  I think the north lion looks more like
"takes a dump."                                   
How Don Solved the Puzzle
My first clue that identified the city was the
municipal flag of Chicago, - the center flag on
the building at the right. It consists of two blue
horizontal stripes on a field of white, each stripe
one-sixth the height of the full flag, and placed
slightly less than one-sixth of the way from the
top or bottom, respectively. Between the two
blue stripes are four red, six-pointed stars
arranged in a horizontal row. I did a search for
a building with two lion statues in front. It is
the Art Institute of Chicago located on the
western edge of Grant Park, at 111 South
Michigan Avenue in the Chicago Landmark
Historic Michigan Boulevard District.
(Wikipedia) Of course the building in front, One
Prudential Plaza, built in 1955, is fairly easy to
identify. The Art Institute is on the East side of
S. Michigan Ave and so we must be facing
north. I believe the photo was taken near the
corner of E. Jackson Drive and South Michigan
Don Draper
How Debbie Solved the Puzzle
I found where it was located by looking up the
Prudential building in the background. Of
course, newer photos of this area show more
buildings, but this told me it was located in

Then I googled for a building in Chicago with
flags and lions. The Art Institute of Chicago
came up in the search. After going to their
website I found a map for directions. But since
this museum/school takes up the entire block, it
depends on where you begin as to where you
will end up if you go two blocks east. The
museum is located at 111 S. Michigan Ave in
Chicago. Strangely enough, I'm going to
Chicago the week after Christmas, and may just
have to check this out.     
Debbie Sterbinsky
The map allows you to zoom in on the location you are searching for parking.  If you
click on any of the lots, a window will pop up with further information.

By walking two blocks to the East,
You could be wet in the Boat Basin.
Or if you are careful where you walk
You land in the Yacht Club Station.

The Stone Lions guarding the entrance stairs,
Defined the Chicago Art Institute base.
The age of cars indicated an older photo,
As the current entrance has a remodeled face.

Except for special Handicapped Locations,
Some of the closest Parking Spots,
Are located in several Street Garages,
The  Monroe, Millennium and Grant Parking Lots.

Robert E. McKenna
Quizmaster Poet Laureate

At the Art Museum there is quite a show
But I'm not sure I would want to go
In the winter because there is so much snow.
After all it's not LA it's Chicago.

Ho Ho Ho!

Colleen Fitzpatrick
Quizmaster General and Understudy to
Quizmaster Poet Laureat Robert McKenna
What They Didn't Know
Philosophical Comment Posted about This Photo
by American JarHead on 12/08/2008 on Shorpy.com
They didn't know there was going to be a band called the
Beatles which would have such an impact on the culture.

They didn't know that Vietnam would dominate the news
and effect huge cultural change

They didn't know Kennedy would be killed within a year
or so.

They didn't know that in 7 years the impossible would
come true, men on the moon.

They didn't know we'd become so dependent on some
weird electronic device called a home computer.

They hadn't heard of or seen: Doctor Zhivago (1965);
Dr. Strangelove (1964); The Graduate (1967); A Hard
Day's Night (1964); Mary Poppins (1964) etc etc etc.

They never saw a roofed sports stadium (Astrodome
There are many clues to the location shown in the picture.
Flags (Right to Left):
State of Illinois
City of Chicago
United States of America
The 50 stars on the US flag indicate that the photo was taken after July 4, 1960.
Quizmaster Mike Dalton pointed out that the fact that the American flag has 50 stars
further indicates that the photo was taken after July 4, 1960.  According to the timeline
that Mike provided:

January 3, 1959   Alaska entered Union - rank 49th state.

August 21, 1959   Hawai'i entered Union - rank 50th state.

August 21,1959    President Dwight David Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10834
            regarding design and implementation of 50 star American Flag.

July 4, 1960         50 star American Flag raised officially for the first time at Fort
            McHenry National Monument in Baltimore, Maryland   
The flags indicate that the location is Chicago, IL.
The Flags
Wayne Douglas pointed out that the relative position of the three flags is also interesting.
Recent flag display.
This tells us that the photo was taken before August 23, 2008.
This is obvious anyway, judging by the cars, but it is still an interesting clue.
Googling on the words Prudential
Building, Chicago will get you its
address at 130 E. Randolph St.,
Chicago, IL
Using Google Maps, you will find:
The picture was taken from several blocks to the south.  This is clear from the
orientation of the Prudential Building in the picture (indicated by the red balloon on the
map), and also the fact that the shadows in the picture are pointing up the street,
indicating we are looking to the north.  The map shows that the street pictured in the
photograph is S. Michigan Ave. in Chicago. The map shows that the building in the
foreground must be the Art Institute of Chicago, 111 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago, IL
Confirming the Building in the Foreground as the Art Institute of Chicago
The Prudential Building
The Art Institute of Chicago
The lions in front of
the Institute
More about the Lions
Note that some of our readers mistook the lions
in front of the Art Institute for those in front of
the New York Public Library.  However, the
NY lions are lying down, the ones in front of
the Art Institute are standing up.
Lions in front of the NYPL
The Annual Wreathing
of the Lions
About the Art Institute of Chicago
The Art Institute of Chicago is one of
America's premier fine art museums.
Located adjacent to Chicago, Illinois's
Loop and Grant Park, the Museum is
especially known for its extensive
collection of Impressionist and American
art. It also boasts an extensive collection
of old master works, which have gained
the museum an international reputation. It
is located on the western edge of Grant
Park, at 111 South Michigan Avenue in
the Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan
Boulevard District; the museum and
The Art Institute of Chicago
grounds were designed by the Boston firm of Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge (1892). In
both 2006 and 2007 it was the third most popular cultural attraction in Chicago.

The Art Institute of Chicago Building was originally constructed for the 1893 World's
Columbian Exposition as the World's Congress Auxiliary Building, with the intent that
the Art Institute occupy the space after the fair closed. The museum is also associated
with School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Read
For further information, visit the website of
The Art Institute of Chicago
Where to Park?
There are many places you can park in the vicinity of The Art Institute.  From the
Institute's website at

Accessible parking: If you are disabled and driving yourself, please call (312) 443-3507
in advance or stop at the Monroe Street dock (125 E. Monroe) for assistance with
parking and entry.

The Art Institute does not have a parking lot, but public garages are very close. These
garages are underground below the parks and are the most affordable parking in the

Please call (312) 616-0600 for lot and rate information.

East Monroe Street and Millennium Park garages
(enter at Columbus Drive and Monroe Street)

Grant Park south garage
(enter at Michigan Avenue between Van Buren and Adams streets)

Grant Park north garage
(enter at Michigan Avenue between Madison and Randolph streets)

Another source of parking information is
The highway sign on the light pole
is for US 34 and US 66.  This is
the beginning of Route 66.  It
ends in Santa Monica, CA.