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|Answers to Quiz #99
March 3, 2007
|Can this really be a Starbucks outside of the Forbidden Palace in Beijing? Wow! The
world is truly flat. Maureen O'Connor
I recognized the Forbidden City immediately although I have never been there. It is sort
of like the pyramids in recognizability, I guess. But mostly, I was struck with the
bizarreness of a Starbucks in that environment, not to mention that China, I thought,
was a tea drinking culture. When I googled to verify my answer, I saw a bunch of
anti-Starbucks-in-China pages. I didn't read them but I think it is interesting that
something as safe as a cup of coffee can create controversy. Edee Scott
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|Click Here to
and the results
of Survey #3,
|Thanks to Rick Norman for submitting this photo.
|1. In what city is this scene located?
2. In what tourist attraction is it located?
1. Beijing, China
2. The Forbidden City, now known as The Palace Museum
BEIJING, China (Reuters) -- Call it
globalization gone crazy, nationalistic
nonsense or just a storm in a coffee cup.
The opening of a Starbucks in Beijing's
Forbidden City is brewing a storm in
China, with outraged local media
reporting that 70 percent of people
would rather not sip the American
chain's frappuccinos in the footsteps of
the Son of Heaven.
"This is no different from slapping
China's 1.2 billion people and 5,000-year
traditional culture in the face," said the China Consumer Journal. "Some people's anger
is no different from their feelings when our embassy was bombed."
U.S.-bashing has been in vogue since American warplanes bombed the Chinese
Embassy in Belgrade during NATO's bombardment of Yugoslavia during the 1999
Kosovo crisis, triggering an outpouring of fury in Beijing.
But the media backlash against Starbucks took officials at the 600-year-old Forbidden
City by surprise. Now they are considering revoking the coffee chain's one-year license
after just two months in business.
"The pressure from the media was far
greater than we expected," said Chen
Junqi, an official of the Palace Museum,
as the former residence of the Ming and
Qing dynasty emperors is now known.
"There are only two ways to solve this:
to wait until the contract expires or to
prematurely revoke it."
Nor is Starbucks alone. Kentucky Fried
Chicken will be booted out of Beihai
Park, another Imperial site in the city
center, when its lease expires in 2002. And McDonald's recently removed its golden
arches from outlets by Tiananmen Square.
The moves reflect China's ambiguous attitude about growing Western economic and
cultural influence and its own identity. Young Chinese crave Western brand names and
visas but Communist officials frequently
rant at what they call decadent Western
culture and "hegemonism" in world
China officially condemns the imperial
era as corrupt and feudal, but most
Chinese boast proudly of their 5,000-year
history and regard the Forbidden City as
its cultural heart. And for all the talk
about preserving China's cultural relics,
city planners have torn down thousands
of old courtyard houses to make way for
Western-style skyscrapers and malls.
But few would have thought a tiny
coffee bar in the corner of an existing
souvenir shop could whip up such a
froth. Continue reading...
|Starbucks versus Kentucky Fried Chicken versus McDonalds
(The best info I could find on the web in English.)
The Forbidden City was the
Chinese imperial palace during
the mid-Ming and the Qing
Dynasties. The Forbidden City is
located in the middle of Beijing,
China. It is now known as the
Its extensive grounds cover
720,000 square meters
(approximately 178 acres). The
Forbidden City has 800 buildings
with 9,999 rooms.
The Forbidden City is listed by
UNESCO as the largest
collection of preserved ancient
wooden structures in the world.
The Forbidden City was
declared a World Heritage Site in
1987 as the "Imperial Palace of
the Ming and Qing Dynasties."
Ming and Qing Dynasties
From its 1420 completion to
1644, when a peasant revolt led
by Li Zicheng invaded it, the
Forbidden City served as the
seat of the Ming Dynasty. The
following Qing Dynasty also
occupied the Forbidden City. In
1860, during the Second Opium
War, British forces managed to
penetrate to the heart of the
Forbidden City and occupied it
until the end of the war.
After being the home of 24
emperors—fourteen of the Ming
Dynasty and ten of the Qing
Dynasty—the Forbidden City
ceased being the political center
of China in 1912 with the
abdication of Puyi, the last
Emperor of China. Under an
agreement signed between the
Qing imperial house and the new
Republic of China government,
Puyi was, however, allowed
and, in fact, required to live
within the walls of the Forbidden
City. Puyi and his family retained
the use of the Inner Court, while
the Outer Court was handed
over to the Republican
authorities. A museum was
established in the Outer Court in
After the Revolution
Puyi stayed in the Forbidden
City until 1924, when Feng
Yuxiang took control of Beijing
in a coup. Denouncing the
previous agreement with the
Qing imperial house, Feng
expelled Puyi. Soon after, the
Palace Museum was established
in the Forbidden City. Having
been the imperial palace for
some five centuries, the
Forbidden City houses numerous
rare treasures and curiosities.
These were gradually catalogued
and put on public display.
However, with the Japanese
invasion of China, the safety of
these national treasures were
cast in doubt, and they were
moved out of the Forbidden
City. In 1947, after they had
been moved from one location to
Forbidden City Photo Gallery. From top to
bottom: (1) Overview of Forbidden City, (2)
Inside the Forbidden City, (3) Guardians of the
imperial bedchamber, (4) Emperor's throne, (5)
Throne room. Link
another inside mainland China for many years, Chiang Kai-shek ordered many of the
artifacts from the Forbidden City and the National Museum in Nanjing to be moved to
Taiwan. These artifacts formed the core of the National Palace Museum in Taipei.
Surviving the Cultural Revolution
During the heat of demolishing the "four olds", Premier Zhou Enlai got wind of Red
Guard's plan to enter the Forbidden City. Knowing what the Red Guard had done to
historical sites elsewhere, Zhou ordered all gates of the City to be closed and sent
troops to guard the City. For more information, read "The Future of the Past," by
Alexander Stille, New York (2002).