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|Answer to Quiz #347
April 15, 2012
You can find this photo on TinEye.com,
but the quiz will be a lot more fun if you solve the puzzle on your own.
|1. What family is buried in this tomb?
2. What is the name of the cemetery where it is located?
3. What well-known American writer mentioned it in one of his books?
|Congratulation to Our Winners
Marilyn Hamill Collier Smith
Bob Witherspoon Robert W. Steinmann Jr.
Judy Pfaff Arthur Hartwell
Grace Hertz Dennis Brann
Mike Dalton Sherry Marshall
Jim Kiser Richard Wakeham
Grace Hertz Nelsen Spickerd
Carol Farrant Margaret Waterman
Judy Kiss Collier Smith
Evan Hindman Tim Bailey
Robert Austin Angel Esparza
Don Draper Peter Norton
1. The Ribaudo family
2. The Staglieno Cemetery, in Genoa, Italy
[Cimitero Monumentale di Staglieno, Genova, Italia]
3. Mark Twain mentions it briefly in his book "Innocents Abroad".
|Comments from Our Readers
Great quiz! - - Only in your quizzes can we go from a cemetery designed in 1835, to
Mark Twain to Friedrich Nietzsche to Oscar Wilde to Joy Division to Neil Sedaka to
'The Captain & Tennille'. Talk about "Six Degrees of Separation"....WOW!!!!
Robert W. Steinmann Jr.
If I ever get back to Italy, this is on my to do list. Judy Pfaff
For some reason Craig and I always visit the cemeteries. They explain so much about a
culture. Sherry Marshall
I was unable to sleep tonight and turned on the computer. I found your post, was
unable to decipher the dedication on the tomb across the path but suspected an Italian
cemetery so I did "tin eye" the image. I do have friends in Genova but
chose not to disturb them to find out about Question 3. I found many other references
to the tomb but none which would definitively answer that question as I presume you
did not intend to include literature on either mortuary sculpture or aspects of the
macabre. Richard Wakeham
Thanks again for a fun puzzle! Gorgeous sculptures in this cemetery. Grace Hertz
I used 'Find a Grave' where I looked for a grave in Italy for Campodonico. Voila
Staglieno! I vaguely remembered this photo from the group Joy Division's 1980 'Love
Will Tear Us Apart'. Nelsen Spickerd
Hauntingly beautiful! Margaret Waterman
I didn't know angels had a navel. Bob Witherspoon
Thank you for the tip re Tin Eye. I had not heard of it before.
As for the writer, I'm stumped. No idea. If I had to guess, I'd go with Dan Brown
(perhaps there is a clue for a hidden treasure there) or Mario Puzo (perhaps someone
got whacked there). Evan Hindman
I walked alone through a cemetery in the Garden District of New Orleans on a very
gray day. Every little sound seemed to be magnified (by my terror) and I couldn’t run
out of there fast enough. I like it when you can see over the tops of the graves. I had
two men with me the next time I went through a New Orleans cemetery. The
cemetery became very interesting then. That cemetery in Genoa looks absolutely
amazing. Carol Farrant
It was fairly obvious from words on the building that this was in Italy. A search for
'Italy cemetery sculpture' revealed that this was a memorial 'stone angel' in the Staglieno
Cemetery located in Genoa Italy. It was created for the Ribaudo family. Mark Twain
referred to it in "Innocents Abroad". It was interesting to discover that
many of the online references to this sculpture and others in the cemetery were flickr.
com images. The works of art provide great subjects for visiting photographers. I tried
to learn something about the Ribaudo family but found their grave provided more
references than the people buried there. It seems a given that they were affluent as
were many others with beautiful works of art sculpted as memorials. Don Draper
I love the cemetery in the Presidio of San Francisco. Every time I walk through there I
feel like I’m taking a trip through history. It was bad enough when an enormous tree
fell over, and it only took out a small portion of the tombstones. I don’t even have
family out there. I can’t imagine anything as powerful as a hurricane having its way
with “my” cemetery. Carol Farrant
The angel certainly is beautiful. I spend a lot of time in cemeteries. My husband and I
work with a local historical group trying to clean and restore the many small family
cemeteries in our town. Don’t have any that beautiful though, but then , this was a poor
town populated by farmers and mill workers. I find it amazing that they managed to
find the resources to have stones carved for their loved ones. I remember both of those
cemetery quizzes, but I thought there was at least one other. Margaret Waterman
|How Mike and Collier Solved the Puzzle
|There are various words and terms used to describe funerary art and
final resting places. My inital search took me from Italy to Laurel Hill
and Stanford in California to Regata in Argentina and back to
Louisiana. I got on to the right final resting place by googling
Campodonico=mausoleum churchyards and then to google images --
the eighth result looked similar to contest photo.
I tried image-googling grave angel, but had no luck. Thought of tomb
angel, again no results. Finally tried sculpture tomb angel, and that
gave me the name of the cemetery and family, and then Wiki supplied
The Oneto family monument, an angel
by sculptor Giulio Monteverde
The Cimitero monumentale di Staglieno is
an extensive cemetery located on a hillside
in the district of Staglieno of Genoa, Italy,
famous for its monumental sculpture.
Covering an area of more than a square
kilometre, it is one of the largest cemeteries
Friedrich Nietzsche, Guy de Maupassant,
Mark Twain, Evelyn Waugh, the Russian
painter Ilja Repin, the Empress Elisabeth of
Austria (Sissi) and the Emperor of Brazil
are only a few of the historical figures,
scholars, travellers, artists, philosophers,
which have left a lot of proofs of their visits to Staglieno and of their walking along the
great monumental galleries, or along the thick paths up to the hill in background.
As described by the writer Evelyn Waugh in A Tourist in Africa, London 1960
"The monumental Cemetery of Staglieno is the biggest graveyard in Genoa and is one
of the largest and most important cemetery in Europe. The graveyard is considered an
open air museum for the huge number of tombs and the architectonic and artistic
quality of the sculptures.
"The Cemetery of Genova, in its real true meaning, is a middle-class art museum of the
second half of the last century. The "Père Lachaise"
and the "Albert Memorial" are nothing compared
with the Genoese one and their disappearance won’t
be a heavy loss until this collection will exist".
The design of the cemetery of the City of Genoa
dates back to Napoleon's Edict of Saint-Cloud from
1804, when he forbade burials in churches and
The original project was approved in 1835 by the
City's architect Carlo Barabino (1768-1835).
However, he died the same year as a result of the
cholera epidemic that struck the city and the project
passed to his assistant and pupil Giovanni Battista
Part of the south-eastern hillside of Staglieno was acquired for the cemetery. The site
of the Villa Vaccarezza was chosen as the most suitable, being both sparsely populated
and close to the centre of the city. Work began in 1844 and it was was opened on 2
January 1851. On that day there were four burials.
Over time there were several extensions and the cemetery now includes sections for an
English cemetery, a Protestant one and a Jewish one. At the centre of the site is a tall
statue of Faith, sculpted by Santo Varni.
Facing the statue, up a grand staircase, is
a domed Pantheon (a copy of the
Pantheon in Rome) with a Doric portico
flanked by two marble statues of the
prophets Jeremiah and Job.
At the time Genoa was a major centre of
learning within Italy and attracted
reformists and an affluent bourgeoisie.
Wishing to place long-lasting memorials
to remember their work and moral
accomplishments, they developed a
tradition of funereal sculpture, particularly realistic works, to be placed with their tombs.
The cemetery contains the graves of Oscar Wilde's wife Constance Lloyd, Ferruccio
Parri, Fabrizio De André, Nino Bixio, and Giuseppe Mazzini.
Significant sculptors with work here include Leonardo Bistolfi, Augusto Rivalta, Giulio
Monteverde, and Edoardo Alfieri.
The strong British influence in the city of Genoa in the late 19th century is reflected in
the separate British Cemetery at Staglieno which also contains the graves of British and
Commonwealth servicemen from both the First and Second World Wars.
Mark Twain briefly praises the cemetery in his Innocents Abroad:
We shall continue to remember it after we shall have forgotten the palaces. It is a vast
marble collonaded corridor extending around a great unoccupied square of ground; its
broad floor is marble, and on every slab is an inscription�for every slab covers a
corpse. On either side, as one walks down the middle of the passage, are monuments,
tombs, and sculptured figures that are exquisitely wrought and are full of grace and
beauty. They are new and snowy; every outline is perfect, every feature guiltless of
mutilation, flaw, or blemish; and therefore, to us these far-reaching ranks of
bewitching forms are a hundred fold more lovely than the damaged and dingy statuary
they have saved from the wreck of ancient art and set up in the galleries of Paris for
the worship of the world.
Friedrich Nietzsche visited the cemetery frequently in the 1880s with his friend Paul
Ree and had many long philosophical discussions as they strolled through the funereal
Staglieno was the subject of a 2003 book of photographs by Lee Friedlander. The
Appiani family tomb, by Demetrio Paernio, featured on the cover of English band Joy
Division's album Closer, photographed by Bernard Pierre Wolff.
In that same year, a smaller selection of Friedlander's Staglieno photographs were
published by the LeRoy Neiman Center for Print Studies, Columbia University, in a
limited edition set of photogravures. The portfolio case of the project was bound in red
coffin velvet to enhance the memorial effect of the project.
This monument was commissioned by
Virginia Aprile, the widow of Raffaele
Pienovi. Only an inscription
commemorates the social role of the
deceased, a merchant of "prosperous and
celebrated virtue". The widow wished her
husband to be remembered in a private,
domestic dimension: and indeed the
sculptured group, arranged over the
|The Pienovi Tomb - 1879
Givanni Battista Villa
sarcophagus, shows the wife bent over her hausband death bed, as she lifts the sheet to
look at him for a last time. Villa's realistic language, his search for details - evident in
this case both in the clothing and the setting of a bourgeois interior - is exalted here by
the highly dramatic composition of the scene, which places the observer squarely in
front of the tragic mystery of death, without any simbolic mediation or consolatory
message. Indeed, during the 1870s and 1880s, rapresentations of the deceased on the
deathbed, less and less filtered by the classic repertoire of the form of "rest" or "sleep",
progressively take on the concrete meaning of the "presence of death for itself"
(from "Art itineraries in Staglieno" edited by Comune di Genova)
|Valente Celle Tomb, 1893
The funeral monument called "Eternal
Drama" represents a real Dans macabre,
the futile attempt of life to escape the
inevitable embrace of death.
The sculptor Giulio Monteverde
underlines, in this sculpture, the contrast
between the sensuality of the beautiful
young woman who personifies Life
(caught in the moment in which , wearied by the vain struggle, she is about to
surrender herself to the terrible spectre who has chosen her as his prey) and the rigid
impassiveness of Death which seizes her. www.flickr.com/photos/cienne/2550059243/
|Italino Iacomelli Tomb, 1925
This is the grave of Italino Iacomelli, a child
that died on the 16th of August in 1925
when he was five years old. He became the
victim of a mad killer while he was playing
in the garden. His mother had already died.
The father, Donatello Iacomelli (1889/1976)
has been buried in this grave where the
mother rests, too.
The sculptor Adolph Lucarini (Genoa
1890-1959) is a famous Genoese artist
present in Staglieno with other works.
|Carlo Raggio Tomb - 1872
The tomb, built in 1872, represents the
grief of the relatives gathered at the
bedside of the elderly paterfamilias Carlo.
The monument to Catherine Campodonico, better known
as "The Peanut Vendor", is undoubtedly one of the
best-known works of Staglieno. Catherine spent all the
money she earned by selling donuts and peanuts on the
her tomb shile she was still alive. This monument
exemplifies complex social dynamics and problems
related to the theme of death. The street vendor, by
portraying herself holding her wares, and showing the
same pride with which entrepreneurs and professionals
assert their professional status with tangible signs of
their wealth, becomes in fact witnessing the
convergence of values among the bourgeois and ruling
classes. It's no coincidence that Catherine Campodonico
wanted Lorenzo Orengo to portray her. He was the most
successful sculptor of the middle class in Genoa.
|Tomba Caterina Campodonico - 1881
|For more beautiful pictures of the Staglieno Cemetery, click here.