Answer to Quiz #26 - September 12, 2005

I am a famous American who was nicknamed after St. Jerome.
What is my original name and why am I famous?
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"Goyathley" or "Goyahkla", (ONE WHO YAWNS) was a Bedonkohe Indian, a
branch of the Eastern Chirichaua Apaches. He was born on Turkey Creek in 1829 in
what is today western New Mexico, but was then still Mexican territory. He was a
Bedonkohe Apache (grandson of Mahko) by birth and a Net'na during his youth and
early manhood. His wife, Juh, Geronimo's cousin Ishton, and Asa Daklugie were
members of the Nednhi band of the Chiricahua Apache. He grew up to be a respected
medicine man and, later, an accomplished warrior who fought frequently with Mexican

To the Apaches, Geronimo embodied the very essence of the Apache values,
agressiveness, courage in the face of difficulty. These qualities inspired fear in the
settlers of Arizona and New Mexico. Because he fought against such daunting odds and
held out the longest, he became the most famous Apache of all.

Geronimo was reportedly nicknamed Jerome by Mexican soldiers, which evolved into
"Geronimo". Some believe it was a transcription of the Spanish attempt to pronounce
the name Goyathlay. Others believe that his Spanish enemies called out to St. Jerome
for assistance while attacking or in the midst of violent defeat. His numerous raiding
successes were attributed to powers conferred by supernatural beings, including a
reputed invulnerability to bullets.

According to : "Mexican soldiers massacred his
first wife and three children during a supposedly peaceful trading session in 1858, and
as a result he hated all Mexicans for the rest of his life.

Geronimo, in tandem with his chief, Naiche, the son of Cochise, fought against ever
increasing numbers of both Mexican and United States troops and became famous for
his daring exploits and numerous escapes from capture. In 1875 all Apaches west of
the Rio Grande were ordered to the San Carlos Reservation. Geronimo escaped from
the reservation three times and although he surrendered, he always managed to avoid
capture. In 1876, the U.S. Army tried to move the Chiricahuas onto a reservation, but
Geronimo fled to Mexico eluding the troops for over a decade. Sensationalized press
reports exaggerated Geronimo's activities, making him the most feared and infamous
Apache. The last few months of the campaign required over 5,000 soldiers, one-quarter
of the entire Army, and 500 scouts, and perhaps up to 3,000 Mexican soldiers to track
down Geronimo and his band of 38 men, women and children.

His forces became the last major force of independent Indian warriors who refused to
acknowledge the United States Government in the American West. This came to an end
on September 4, 1886, when Geronimo surrendered to United States Army General
Nelson A. Miles at Skeleton Canyon, Arizona.

Geronimo was sent in as a prisoner to Fort Pickens, Florida. In 1894 he was moved to
Fort Sill, Oklahoma. In his old age Geronimo became something of a celebrity. He
appeared at fairs, including the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, selling souvenirs and
photographs of himself. However, he was not allowed to return to the land of his birth.
He rode in President Theodore Roosevelt's 1905 inaugural parade. He died of
pneumonia at Fort Sill.

His name became famous as the war cry of American paratroopers in WW2.

For another similar picture of Geronimo, see

For Germonimo - His Own Story, see
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Quiz #26 Results