Winsor McCay worked as a sign painter,
vaudeville performer and freelance cartoonist in
Cincinnati, Ohio, during the late 19th century
and the first couple of years of the 20th. In
1903, when he was probably in his mid-30s, he
drew his first color Sunday feature, Tales of
the Jungle Imps, for the Cincinnati Enquirer.
McCay provided illustrations for poems and
stories written by "Felix Fiddle" (a pseudonym
of editor George Chester). It was probably
Jungle Imps that brought him to the attention of
newspaper publisher James Gordon Bennet, and
led to his move to New York later that year.

In 1905, while working at Bennett's New York
Herald on such features as Hungry Henrietta
and Little Sammy Sneeze, McCay started his
two most famous comic strips, both of which
were about nocturnal adventures. Dreams of
the Rarebit Fiend had no continuing characters,
only a continuing motif — nightmares brought
on by indigestion. And Little Nemo in
Slumberland, which started on October 15 of
that year, was about a little boy (whose name,
by the way, is Latin for "nobody") and his
excursions in a fabulously surreal fantasy
kingdom. Each week, Nemo's adventures
would be interrupted when, in the last panel of
the page, he would wake up.

Little Nemo quickly transcended his newspaper
origins. The character was heavily
merchandised as early as 1906, appearing in a
series of McCay-drawn postcards, as well as
books, games, and children's clothing. In 1908,
Victor Herbert (author of Babes in Toyland)
wrote a play about Nemo, which was
performed on Broadway. In 1911, McCay, who
in addition to his accomplishments as a
newspaper cartoonist, was also a pioneer of
animation (his Gertie the Dinosaur was perhaps
animation's first success), created an animated
version of the character in 1911, making him
the first comics character adapted into that
medium. He also inspired a minor genre of
whimsical fantasy starring kids, including Billy
Bounce, Bobby Make-Believe and Nibsy the
Newsboy in Funny Fairyland.

In 1911, McCay was lured away from Bennet's
paper by William Randolph Hearst. The "Nemo"
feature came to an end on April 23 of that year,
Some of the quizmasters may be interested in the listing of Winsor McCay in the
Michigan 1870 US census and the Ohio 1900 US census. Attachment 1 shows Zenis
McKay (Winsor McCay) on line 3 at age three. Apparently he was born in Canada and
at age one came with his parents to Spring Lake, MI.  Attachment 2 shows Windsor
(Winsor) and Maude McCay and their two children on lines 94-97 in Cincinnati.  
Perhaps three year old Robert McCay, who was the model for Little Nemo, also wore
Doctor Denton pajamas at night. BTW, Dr. Denton PJs originated in MI.    
Stan Read

Interesting to read about his pioneering work with animation.  I always wondered what
the deal was with the Gertie Ice Cream stand at Disney MGM Studios (shaped like a
giant Gertie).  Now I know!                                                              
Tom Tollefsen

I goof when writing the website  address for the tribute to winsor McCay it should read
"Meeting McCay.htm. It is very informative and keeps you wondering about what other
acomplishment he will honored for; I watched "Gertie the Dinosaur" and was amazed at
the way he had the dinosaur move when she picked up the elephant and tossed it over
into the other end of the lake just seemed like something animators today would do to
create a giggle.                                                                                    
Anna Farris

When I first saw the comic I immediately decided that it was probably Frank King who
crafted the "Gasoline Alley" strip for many years.  I only accidentally stumbled over the
real answer, which once again taught me to look at all the clues before I come to a
Tom Davis

Great quiz.  When I initially did "nemo cartoon" on Google, I suddenly realized that I
would be "finding nemo".  By adding the "-finding", I was able to zero in on it quickly.
                                                                                     Evan Hindman
Quiz 164 was a bit disappointing in that clues in the photo itself were insufficient for
solution -- the hints were actually necessary. I really love the quizzes which have just
enough information in them to allow a serious effort to lead to the solution.  I also
realize that this is quite difficult to achieve.  Anyway, thank you so much for all the fun
quizzes you have given us!  It is remarkable that you have been able to sustain such
high quality for so long!  Thank You.  By the way, Quiz #141 was my favorite (I
started on Quiz 127).  Keep up the good work.                            
Mike Swierczewski

I've been a Little Nemo in Slumberland fan from way back so recognized this right
away. There was a Japanese movie version in 1989 and a very cool Nintendo game
based on Nemo back around 1990 or so that introduced me.                      
Andy Hoh

Little Nemo in Slumberland is one of my all time favorites!  Thanks Colleen for a fun
one this time!                                                                                    
Sheri Fenley

The more I read about this man the more facinated I became at the accomplishments of
this man and the people whose lives he touched.                                    
Anna Farris

YouTube has several of his animations and they are amazing for the time. has a Little Nemo segment in which
the frames are hand colored. Another fellow who richly deserves to be remembered in a
Carolyn Cornelius


The strip was not a great popular success in its time. Most
readers preferred the slapstick antics of such strips as
Katzenjammer Kids, Happy Hooligan, and Buster Brown to
the surreal fantasy of Nemo, and other comic strips like
Krazy Kat. However, during the late 20th century and early
21st century, the strip received more recognition. Among
the most noticeable of its qualities were its intricate visual
style — often with high levels of background detail — its
vivid colours, fast pace of movement from panel to panel
and the huge variety of strange characters and scenery.

Certain episodes of the strip are particularly famous. Any
list of these would have to include the Night of the Living
Houses (said to be the first comic strip to enter the
collection of the Louvre) where Nemo and a friend are
chased down a city street by a gang of tenement houses on
legs; the Walking Bed, where Nemo and Flip ride over the
rooftops on the increasingly long limbs of Nemo's bed; and
the Befuddle Hall sequence, where Nemo and his friends
attempt to find their way out of a funhouse environment of
a Beaux Arts interior turned topsy-turvy. McCay's mastery
of perspective, and the extreme elegance of his line work,
make his visions graphically wondrous. The eccentric
dialogue is delivered in a dreamy deadpan, and often
appears to be hastily jammed into tiny word balloons that
can scarcely contain it. A typical line: "Whoever named this
place Befuddle Hall knew his business! I am certainly
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Qui #165 Results
1.  Winsor McCay
2. Little Nemo, Gertie the Dinosaur, the Rarebit Fiend, Flip, The Imp
Little Sammy Sneeze, Hungry Henrietta, The King, The Princess
Answer to Quiz #165 - June 30, 2008
1. Who is the artist who created this cartoon?
2. Name two of the cartoon characters he created.
Click on thumbnail to see larger image. Then right click on image to download it if desired.
Thanks to Marilyn Hamill for suggesting this quiz.
Winsor McCay
Winsor McCay
Animations on YouTube
Gertie the Dinosaur
How a Mosquito Operates
Little Nemo
Dream of a Rarebit Fiend
Winsor McCay - Little Nemo in
Slumberland Sunday Comic Strip
Original Art, dated 4-11-09 (New
York Herald, 1909). Since the
debut of the newspaper comic strip
in the early twentieth century, few
features have come close to
equaling Winsor McCay's
masterwork Little Nemo in
Slumberland for its prodigious
draftsmanship or its fabulous
flights of fantasy. McCay created
incredible vistas on the comics
page that were startling in scope.
He detailed a sublimely surreal saga
featuring the young Nemo and his
adventures in the land of dreams.
McCay's Art Nouveau-influenced
linework and limitless imagination
earned him a posthumous 1966
exhibit at the New York
Metropolitan Museum of Art and
noted children's book illustrator
Maurice Sendak has acknowledged
McCay's work as an important
influence on his own style. This
Easter Sunday strip was cut
between panel tiers three and four,
and the conjoined pieces have a
combined image area of 22" x 28".
The art has been framed and is in
Excellent condition.
Most of the prominent comic strips of the 1890s and
19-aughts are remembered today as pioneers. Little
Nemo in Slumberland is among the first to be
remembered for its outstanding quality. Even today, it
is regarded as one of the high points in the history of

Winsor McCay was the son of Robert McKay (later
changed to McCay) and Janet Murray McKay; Robert
at various times worked as a teamster, a grocer, and a
real estate agent. Winsor's exact place and year of
birth are uncertain — he claimed to have been born in
Spring Lake, Michigan in 1871, but his gravestone
says 1869, and census reports state that he was born
in Canada in 1867. He was originally named Zenas
Winsor McKay, in honor of his father's employer,
Zenas G. Winsor. He later dropped the name Zenas.
Original Signed Little Nemo
Artwork at Auction
Asking price was $25,000
Winsor McCay
Little Nemo
Little Nemo is the main fictional character in a series of
weekly comic strips by Winsor McCay (1871-1934) that
appeared in the New York Herald and William Randolph
Hearst's New York American newspapers from October
15, 1905 – April 23, 1911 and April 30 1911–1913;
respectively. The strip was first called Little Nemo in
Slumberland and then In the Land of Wonderful Dreams
when it changed papers. A brief revival of the title
occurred from 1924-27.
The Imp

The strips, along with most of the rest of McCay's works, fell into the public domain in
most of the world on January 1, 2005, 70 years after McCay's death (see Copyright
and the EU's Directive harmonizing the term of copyright protection for details). All of
the works published before 1923 are in the public domain in the United States.
For more Little Nemos, see
only to be reborn on the 30th in the Hearst papers, under the title In the Land of
Wonderful Dreams. It continued under that title until 1914, when McCay went back to
work for Bennet. The strip was revived in the 1920s, but ran only a couple of years
before ending once and for all in 1927. McCay died in 1934.
Winsor (Zenis) McCay
1870 Michigan Census - Click

Winsor (Zenis) McCay
1900 Ohio Census - Click
Gertie the Dinosaur
Disney MGM Studios
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Debbie Sterbinsky                Alecsandra Long
Bill Hurley                Alan Cullinan
Judy Pfaff                Claudio Trapote
Arwen Newman                Robert E. McKenna
Joshua Kreitzer                Mike Dalton
Diane Burkett                Beau Sisson
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Sheri Fenley                Tom Pincince
Wayne Douglas                Rex Cornelius
Stan Read               Betty Chambers
Carolyn Cornelius                Elaine C. Hebert
Barbara Battles                Winsor McCay
Donna Benschoten                Teresa Yu
Justin Campoli                Dan Schlesinger
Delores Martin                Eric Goforth
Kelly Fetherlin                Paula Harris
Little Nemo
The Princess
The King
Little Nemo
in Slumberland
Sunday Press