|Click on image to read pfd version of article about
Randy's meeting with the Navajo Code Talkers at the
Albuquerque Coin Club 2009 fall Coin Show.
|Meet Randy'L He-dow Teton. She's the mysterious face behind the
In 1998, the University of New Mexico college student, then 22,
spent an afternoon modeling for sculptor Goodacre. It was just a
couple of hours, but it really paid off.
During the session, it
After the expedition, Charbonneau and Sacagawea spent three years among the Hidatsa
before accepting William Clark's invitation to settle in St. Louis, Missouri in 1809. They
entrusted Jean-Baptiste's education to Clark, who enrolled the young man in the Saint
Louis Academy boarding school.
Sacagawea gave birth to a daughter, Lizette, sometime after 1810. According to Bonnie
"Spirit Wind-Walker" Butterfield, historical documents suggest Sacagawea died in 1812
of an unknown sickness:
"An 1811 journal entry made by Henry Brackenridge, a fur dealer at Fort Manuel Lisa
Trading Post on the Missouri River in what is now South Dakota, stated that both
Sacagawea and Charbonneau were living at the fort. He recorded that Sacagawea
"…had become sickly and longed to revisit her native country."
The following year, John Luttig, a clerk at Fort Manuel Lisa recorded in his journal on
December 20, 1812, that "…the wife of Charbonneau, a Snake Squaw [the common
term used to denote Shoshone Indians], died of putrid fever." He went on to say that
she was "aged about 25 years. She left a fine infant girl". Documents held by Clark
show that her son Baptiste had already been entrusted by Charbonneau into Clark's care
for a boarding school education, at Clark's insistence (Jackson, 1962)."
A few months later, fifteen men were killed in an Indian attack on Fort Lisa, then
located at the mouth of the Bighorn River. John Luttig and Sacagawea's young daughter
were among the survivors. Toussaint Charbonneau was mistakenly thought to have
been killed at this time, but he apparently lived to at least eighty. He had signed over
ormal custody of his son to Clark in 1813.
As further proof that Sacagawea died in 1812, Butterfield writes: "An adoption
document made in the Orphans Court Records in St. Louis, Missouri states, 'On August
11, 1813, William Clark became the guardian of 'Tousant Charbonneau, a boy about
patients admitted were Alaskan natives and emigrants from Europe, Russia and the
He was the 1893 founder and editor of the Medical Sentinel in Portland, Oregon – the
publication being the newsletter of the State Medical Societies of Oregon, Washington,
Idaho, Montana and Utah. His family had a copper mine in the vicinity of Spirit Lake
near Mount Saint Helens, State of Washington, which was part of the original Oregon
He and his wife had an interest in Suffragist’s politics and they contributed the copper
ore for the casting of the Sacajawea statue. The statue was commissioned and made
You may or may have not heard of Sacajawea in your
American History classes: Way back in the day, the United
States acquired a very large chunk of land known as the
Louisiana Purchase. This young Mandan woman led the
Lewis and Clark Expediton through several tribal lands and
nations and over mountain passes to the reaches of the
Columbia River and on to the Pacific Ocean shores of
Oregon in 1805 to 1806.
In 1905 a statue of her was unveiled at Lewis and Clark
Expo in Portland, Oregon. After the event the statue was
removed to nearby Washington Park. The creation and
funding of the statue was made possible by Suffragists
who held their 1905 annual convention there. Their 1903
convention was held in New Orleans. Sacajawea became a
symbol of the women's right to vote movement. The
Suffragist's amendment to the US Constitution was finally
ratified in 1920. The state amendment for Oregon was
passed in 1912 and that for Louisiana was ratified circa
I just recently took a couple closeup photos of the statue's
plaque and relevant inscriptions identifying artist and
foundry...There is quite a bit on internet about Sacajawea
and Suffragist politics.
Henry Waldo Coe was the founder of Morningside aka
Crystal Springs Sanitarium in the Russellville area of SE
Portland from circa 1898 to 1968. The greater majority of
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|Answer to Quiz #318
August 14 2011
1. Randy'L He-dow Teton is the only living person who appears on U.S. currency.
2. She was the model for Sacagawea, who appears on the $1 coin.
The coin was designed by Glenna Goodacre.
3. Sacagawea was the Indian guide for the Lewis and Clark expedition
to explore the Pacific Northwest.
Glenna Goodacre designed the $1 coin.
Bonus: The surviving Navajo Code-Talkers from World War II.
|This week's quiz photo is based on a suggestion by Quizmaster Emeritus Mike Dalton.
1. This woman is the only living person who _______?
2. What well-known woman is she associated with?
3. What did that woman do?
Bonus: Who is the group she is pictured with?
|Congratulations to Our Winners!
Stacy Luna Jim Kiser
Fred Stuart Robin Spence
Sally Garrison Cathy Warburton
Frank Nollette Alan Lemm
Valerie Thompson Joshua Kreitzer
Betty Chambers Shirley Hamblin
Rebecca Bare Adrienne Walker
Elaine C. Hebert Emily Garber
Tom Wilson Harold Atchinson
Stan Read Margaret Paxton
Angel Esparza Katie Petrachonis
Judy Pfaff Milene Rawlinson
Marjorie Wilser Terry Foster
Alex Sissoev Daniel E. Jolley
Joyce Veness Liz Rector
Gary Sterne Evan Hindman
Donna Jolley Arthur Hartwell
Nicole Blank Jim Bullock
Roberta Martin Robert W. Steinmann, Jr.
|Comments from Our Readers
|I first thought she was the woman who rejected the Academy Award for Marlon
Brando back in the 70’s. I don’t remember how I came around to Randy.
With the earth's population being 8 billion, the database for "the only living person" is
astronomical. The dress of the people said Indian. I searched google images for indian
woman and elders with no luck. I then realized I should search google with Q1.
"Living female indian who" brought up a couple clan heads and some people from Inda.
"Only living american indan female who" brought up www.faceofgold.com. The site
did mention Randy'l and her being on the coin. The site did show the cover of Native
People magazine. The woman pictured had the same black and gold necklace device as
in the quiz picture and I knew this was the place. Searching the "picture gallery"
brought up the quiz picture at the end of the stack. I didn't know about the Sacagawea
coin, so the two coins in the picture were meaningless. Arthur Hartwell
My guess on the group are Native-American Indians (most likly Code-Talkers), who
are veterans of the US. Marines. I say this judging from there apparent age and that
Randy'L He-dow Teton spoke and traveled extensively to promote Native American
culture. Thanks for another gem. Jim Kiser
This one was really fun. Robin Spence
Living in Arizona, I instantly recognized the Code Talkers. This was a little bit of a red
herring for me. My first thought was,"this must have something to do with
Sacagawea," But dismissed that as being too easy. However, after looking very
closely at the photo, I realized the "book" on the table was a coin holder.
Which took me back to Sacagawea and eventually, the model for the coin.
This is great fun! Valerie Thompson
So I lay down in bed and tell David that I was stumped on the bonus. I tell him I believe
that the men are WWII veterans, Native Americans, and Marines - and he says, "Were
they the Navajo Code Talkers?" - Damn, that man!!!! I can't believe I didn't think of
that myself!! Elaine C. Hebert
Sacagawea. Another strong woman. It reminds me of that old story about Fred
Astaire and Ginger Rogers. She danced and did everything Fred did AND she did it in
high heels and backwards! HA!
When I was in college we had a class visit from a Navaho-speaking anthropologist. In
Navaho the verb changes for all sorts of reasons, not just subject and tense. For
example if the subject is "water" the verb is different depending on the physical state of
the water. Liquid water, ice and steam have different verbs. He told us he had studied
Navaho for 30 years, spoke it in his daily work but felt he would never really be fluent.
After his presentation I can understand why the Japanese didn't break the code.
Did you read that Hitler sent linguists to the US to study Native American languages
PRIOR to WWII? He knew about the use of Choctaw code talkers in WWI and
anticipated a repeat in WWII. That's what I like about this weekly puzzle. I learn the
most amazing things.
That was a fun one! Shirley Hamblin
The bonus question was the most interesting. My guess was code talkers but I
couldn't be sure until I found this exhibit (with uniform) at the NSA museum.http:
//www.nsa.gov/about/_images/pg_hi_res/code_talkers.jpg. I must confess I've
cheated on Grant Wood and a few of the other quizzes. The new algorithm at Google
for searching similar images has improved so much I use Tineye now just as a backup
(Gazopa has shut down its consumer search. Harold Atchison
N.B. You should know by now that there's no such thing as cheating. If you need to
use Google Images (or Tineye) to find the answer, that's fine, but it's a lot more fun
if you try it on your own first! - Q. Gen.
Fun, but transparent :) All you had to do was enlarge the photo and see the Sacagawea
dollar folder to get who this is. I googled "model for the Sacagawea dollar."
I'm guessing from the barely-visible Marine logo on the man's hat on the right, and the
apparent ages of the men, that they are the surviving Navajo Code Talkers from WWII.
More heros! :)
Annnnd. . . I was right! Checking Randy'L's webpage, on the lower right of the photo
column: there is the exact photo in the quiz. Marjorie Wilser
My first thought in viewing this week's photo was about how much these elderly
gentlemen would have enjoyed having their picture taken with the lovely young woman.
After reading about the occasion I began to realize that the young woman would have
felt honored to have her photo taken with these distinguished men. I am sure now that
their admiration was mutual. A search for "only living person American Indian" revealed
the answers to the questions.
I was interested to read that one of the Code Talkers was Teddy Draper, Sr. - a
resident of the reservation at Chinie, Ariz. He was awarded a Congressional Silver
medal for his part in the Iwo Jima campaign. His family history is of interest to me as
we share the same name. Draper is not your usual Navajo name. Maybe we are related!
I read somewhere that he was born in Alaska Don Draper
When I saw the coin-related items on the table, I felt it had to be the Sacagawea model.
I saw the movie based on them, Windtalkers, but I didn't think it did a very good job at
representing what they did to help. It's a shame because it *could* have been a good
movie had they focused more on the codes and how they were developed, rather than
the extraneous plots they added in (my two movie cents lol). Nicole Blank
Good One! I recognized the men in the photo right away as U.S. Marine Navajo
codetalkers and really wanted to know what context the picture was taken in. I was
wondering why Navajo Code Talkers would be appearing with the model for the
Sacagawea dollar. I actually found this photo on the Albuquerque Coin Club's Coin
Show calendar for 2008.It's amazing how you can find the answer! That's how I could
actually narrow down the date that this photo was actually taken.
Robert W. Steinmann, Jr.
|How Milene Solved the Puzzle
|Another good quiz. I found the woman's name and image after I
enlarged the display on the table to see it was commemorating the
Sacagawea Dollar. Then it was a simple matter of searching for an
image of the model for the dollar to determine it was the same
I couldn't figure out who the men were though. I finally showed the
picture to my husband who said she looked like a plains Indian but
the men looked like Navajo. Ahhh, good observation. I searched
Navajo Code Talkers (which given their ages seemed appropriate) and
there they were, but not the specific photo posted here. Just for fun
I searched the model's name, Randy'L Teton and found her website.
There in her photo gallery was the photo you posted (not that I
needed it, but it was fun to see it and what you had blacked out).
|There is a coin
display on the
table showing two
pictures of the
|The gentlemen are wearing caps with the logo of
the US Marine Corps. They are also wearing
Native American jewelery.
|There is a poster on the table of Randy'L Teton's "Winter Pose".
|Remarks from Mike Dalton, Quizmaster Emeritus
who suggested this week's puzzle.
by sculptor Alice Cooper (not the HM rock musician). It was
forged by the Henry Bonnard Bronze Co. of New York. Henry
Coe paid to have the statue shipped to Portland.
The statue was unveiled at Lewis and Clark Expo on July 7, 1905.
It was located on south end of Sunken Gardens near the main
entrance. It was moved to Washington Park (then known as City
Park) on April 6, 1906 off driveway entrance from Vista Ave
(23rd) and Park Place.
During the 1920s Coe commissioned four statues:
Joan de Arc – Coe Circle NE 39th and Glisan Sts.
Theodore Roosevelt – South Park Blocks
Abraham Lincoln – South Park Blocks
George Washington – NE 57th and Sandy Blvd.
As Portland, Oregon has reputation for being a favorite
convention city, then and now, there were three major gatherings
that took place during the summer months of 1905:
National American Women Suffrage Association – June 3, 1905
to July 5, 1905
55th Annual Session of the American Medical Association - July
11 to July 14, 1905
Lewis and Clark Centennial and American Pacific Exposition and
Oriental Fair aka Lewis and Clark Exposition – June 1, 1905 to
October 15, 1905
Sacajawea could be considered the First Lady of Oregon in her
Joan de Arc could be considered the First Lady of France in her
Dr. Coe cared for those afflicted by “tics” or those “touched by
the spirit.” Joan de Arc was divinely inspired in her mission. Had
one of her contemporaries had so professed in 19th Century
Oregon, they would have run the risk of being committed to an
insane asylum. The three presidents that Coe so honored, were
also guided in their lives to the highest office in the land – USA.
John F. Kennedy, JR. (son of JFK) once remarked that politics
could be defined as poly tics or many tics.
Top: Unveiling of
statue at 1905
Postcard of statue
from eBay; (Bottom):
Statue in Washington
Park today (Courtesy
|Quiz photo, showing poster of Sacajawea dollar coin in background.
Sacagawea (also Sakakawea, Sacajawea); (c. 1788 –
December 20, 1812) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman, who
accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition, acting as an
interpreter and guide, in their exploration of the Western
United States. She traveled thousands of miles from North
Dakota to the Pacific Ocean between 1804 and 1806.
She has become an important part of the Lewis and Clark
mythology in the American public imagination. The National
American Woman Suffrage Association of the early twentieth century adopted her as a
symbol of women's worth and independence, erecting several statues and plaques in
her memory, and doing much to spread the story of her accomplishments.
In 2000, the United States Mint issued the Sacagawea dollar coin in her honor,
depicting Sacagawea and her son, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau. The face on the coin
was modeled on a modern Shoshone-Bannock woman named Randy'L He-dow Teton.
No contemporary image of Sacagawea exists.
Reliable historical information about Sacagawea is very limited. She was born into an
Agaidika (Salmon Eater) tribe of Lemhi Shoshone between Kenney Creek and Agency
Creek about twenty minutes away from present-day Salmon in Lemhi County, Idaho.
In 1800, when she was about twelve, she and several other girls were kidnapped by a
group of Hidatsa (also known as Minnetarees) in a battle that
resulted in death among the Shoshone of four men, four women
and several boys. She was taken as a captive to a Hidatsa village
near present-day Washburn, North Dakota.
At about thirteen years of age, Sacagawea was taken as a wife by
Toussaint Charbonneau, a Quebecer trapper living in the village.
He had also taken another young Shoshone named Otter Woman
as a wife. Charbonneau was reported to have purchased both
wives from the Hidatsa, or won Sacagawea while gambling (the gambling is the more
reliable of reports).
Sacagawea was pregnant with her first child when the Corps of Discovery arrived near
the Hidatsa villages to spend the winter of 1804–05. Captains Meriwether Lewis and
William Clark built Fort Mandan. They interviewed several trappers who might be able
to interpret or guide the expedition up the Missouri River in the springtime. They agreed
to hire Charbonneau as an interpreter when they discovered his wife spoke Shoshone,
as they knew they would need the help of Shoshone tribes at the headwaters of the
Lewis recorded in his journal on November 4, 1804:
"a French man by Name Chabonah, who speaks the Big Belly language visit us, he
wished to hire and informed us his 2 squars ("squaws") were Snake Indians, we engage
him to go on with us and take one his wives to interpret
the Snake language…" [sic]
Charbonneau and Sacagawea moved into the expedition's
fort a week later. Clark nicknamed her Janey. Lewis
recorded the birth of Jean Baptiste Charbonneau on
February 11, 1805, noting that another of the party's
interpreters administered crushed rattlesnake rattles to
speed the delivery. Clark and other European Americans
nicknamed the boy "Little Pomp" or "Pompy", Shoshoni
In April, the expedition left Fort Mandan and headed up
the Missouri River in pirogues. They had to be poled
against the current and sometimes pulled from the
riverbanks. On May 14, 1805, Sacagawea rescued items
that had fallen out of a capsized boat, including the
journals and records of Lewis and Clark. The corps
commanders, who praised her quick action, named the
Sacagawea River in her honor on May 20.
By August 1805, the corps had located a Shoshone tribe
and was attempting to trade for horses to cross the
Rocky Mountains. They used Sacagawea to interpret and
discovered that the tribe's chief was her brother
"Corps of Discovery"
(2000), Quality Hill,
Kansas City, Missouri,
Eugene L. Daub, sculptor.
Sacagawea and her baby
Meriwether Lewis and
ten years, and Lizette Charbonneau, a girl about one year
old.' For a Missouri State Court at the time, to designate a
child as orphaned and to allow an adoption, both parents
had to be confirmed dead in court papers."
The last recorded document citing Sacagawea's existence
appears in William Clark's original notes written between
1825-1826. He lists the names of each of the expedition
members and their last known whereabouts. For Sacagawea
he writes: "Se car ja we au- Dead." (Jackson, 1962)."
There is no later record of Lizette among Clark's papers. It
is believed that she died in childhood. However, other
sources indicate that Lisette died in St. Louis on June 15 or
16, 1832, age 21, after last rites, and was buried at the Old
Cathedral. There is no record that she was married and had
|didn't seem like
anything would result.
But a few weeks later,
Goodacre called with
big news: "We got it!"
Teton says, "It was
hard to comprehend. I
was so startled, I
called my family, but
no one believed I
|would be on the new dollar coin. No one even knew about the
How did Teton and Goodacre meet? Let's go back to the start. It's
1998 and the U.S. Mint has invited New Mexico sculptor Goodacre
to submit designs for the new dollar coin. But sculptors can't sculpt
out of thin air! Goodacre needs a model. So she travels to the
Institute of American Indian Arts Museum (IAIA), in Santa Fe, NM.
There, she asks at the front desk if they know any young Shoshone
women in the area. She's in luck. Teton's mother, who works at the
museum, shows Goodacre pictures of her three daughters. That very
night, Goodacre contacts Teton in Albuquerque.
Modeling wasn't easy, recalls Teton. "Pose this way, hold your head
that way, point, stand up, turn your head..." The instructions went on
and on. "I had to hold poses for a long time without breathing," she
says. "I was glad when it was all over."
Teton is proud about modeling for the Golden Dollar. What does she
like about the Golden Dollar image? "Its strength, gracefulness, and
humbleness. The dignity in her eyes." she says, "To me, the image
doesn't represent me, it represents all Native American women. All
women have the dignity of the Golden Dollar's image."
Both at her college and back home at Idaho's Fort Hall Indian
Reservation, where she grew up, everyone knows Teton is the
Golden Dollar face. She receives so many questions about the coin
and modeling for it, that she's even set up her own informational Web
By modeling, Teton carved a unique spot for herself. As the Golden
Dollar coin takes its place in history, so will she.
Read more about Randy on her website at www.faceofgold.com..
Read more about Sacagawea and her dollar coin.
See Quiz #74
August 25, 2006.