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Answer to Quiz #2, April 27, 2005
Name anyone in the picture. When was it taken?
The Digital Detective
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A Case Study in Digital Detective Work
Photograph courtesy of Mary Miller. Click on thumbnail to see larger image.

Extracted from

George Washington Jackson (6th from the right, front row, small looking face and
long white beard), of Caledonia, Jefferson County, Missouri, and the son of Benjamin
Jackson, was born in North Carolina on January 6, 1839. He enlisted in the Union
Army, at the age of 22 years, in the Civil War. Missouri was in sympathy with the
Confederacy, so George had to go to St. Louis, to enlist, where, on September 24,
1861, he enlisted in Company A, 13th Missouri Infantry as a Private. In July 1862, this
regiment became the 22nd Regiment Ohio Infantry, where he served under Captain
John Creagen in Company A.

On April 6-7, 1862, he fought in the Battle of Shiloh, under General Lew Wallace (east
of Grant Rd., then south of Grant Rd. and west of Lew Wallace Trace and west of
Sherman Rd., near a small Confederate burial ground, then northeast of the intersection
of Sherman Rd. and Calvary Rd.). This was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil

As of August 1863, he was shown as sick at the U.S.A. General Hospital, in Mound
City, Illinois, near Cairo, at the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. In
September 1863, he was transferred to Keokuk, Iowa. From January through August
1864, he was listed as a clerk in the Regimental Adjutants Office with Company A,
22nd Ohio Infantry. He was mustered out November 18, 1864, at the age of 25 years,
as his three year enlistment was up. He was discharged at Camp Dennison, Ohio.
Captain William B. Sowe, of the 11th U.S. Infantry signed the discharge certificate.

The original Discharge Certificate is on file in the family records. Later in life he was a
member of Colonel Nodine Grand Army of the Republic Post #140, in Champaign,
Illinois and George Washington Grand Army of the Republic Post #85, in Denver,
Colorado, He was a member of the Survivors of the Battle of Shiloh Association. After
his discharge, he returned to his home in Missouri (possibly 1865). He married Livonia
Deborah White, February 18, 1868, in DeSoto, Jefferson County, Missouri. He is
buried in Fairmount Cemetery, Denver, Colorado

See also:

A Reunion Photo of
"The Association of the Survivors of the Battle of Shiloh"
The Database Detective
The Database Detective
The Ulmer Family
A Case Study in Database Detective Work
The DNA Detective
The DNA Detective

The picture was most likely taken on Easter Sunday, April 7, 1912.

The key to figuring out an approximate date for this photo is the American flag in the
background.  The flag has six rows of stars, with the bottom row having at least eight.
According to the only flag that meets
these requirements is the one carrying 46 stars that was sued from 1908 when
Oklahoma became a state, through 1912 when New Mexico and Arizona joined the

It is natural to assume that the photo was taken for the occasion of the 50th
anniversary of the Battle of Shiloh, April 6 - 7, 1912, but this cannot be proven with the
information that is currently available. While it is possible that the photo was taken at
the Shiloh National Military Park in Shiloh, TN (see, this also
remains unverified. While these are natural assumptions, there are some suggestions
that the picture might have been taken at the reunion of a local chapter of the
Association of Shiloh Survivors, considering the number of elderly men present, and
the fact that travel was not as easy as it is today. There is also the question of how
many widows might have traveled to attend the event at the Shiloh Park.
Special Note:  Alice Hix wrote in some interesting observations:

The picture was very likely taken on April 7, 1912 because the flag appears to be the
46 star flag that was used from 1908 to 1912 the battle of Shiloh was fought on April
6-7, 1862, so 50 years later would be 1912.  Most reunions take place about the date of
an anniversary and the men appear to be in their 70-80s. It also appears to be spring
time since there are leaves on the trees, no heavy coats and men are wearing vests
(probably would not wear vests if summer); also since most of the ladies are in white,
it must be at least Easter; also
Easter was April 7 in 1912.
Congratulations to the winners of Quiz #2:

Cat Donnow
Gary Rice
Cate Sweitzer-Toepfer
Cindy Hebert
Phil Bolian
Alice Hix
Click here to return to the contest page.
Quiz #2 Results
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