Mother Jones' Passport Application
December 17, 1920
Congratulations to Our Winners!

Mr. Rick and a Whole New Batch of Quiz Kids!  Look Out!!!

Marilyn Hamill                Mary South
Richard Hurley                Diane Burkett
Milene Rawlinson                Donna Jolley
Patty Kiker                Mike Swierczewski
Molly Collins                Debbie Ciccarelli
Rebecca Bare                Janisue Rigel
Debbie Sterbinski                Roberta Martin                Richard Hurley
Carrol Farrant                Terry A. Hollenstain
Mary Anne Campbell                Janice M. Sellers
Dave Richardson                Herschel Browne
Gina Espinoza                Pam Long                Charlotte Kirby
Daniel E. Jolley                Debbie Johnson
Collier Smith                Maureen O'Connor
Jim Kiser                Peter Norton                Mike Dalton
Timmy Fitzpatrick                Sharon Taber
Margaret Waterman                Karen Kay Bunting
Dennis Brann                Mary Tanona
Carole Cropley                Joan Collier
Jon Meehan                Susan E. Skidmore
Yvonne Steiner                Jim Bkaer
Bill Utterback                Margaret Paxton
Nicole Blank                Joyce Veness
Arthur Hartwell                Robert W. Steinmann Jr.
Mark Goldberg                Margaret English

Coolidge's Black Arm Band
I didn't recognize anyone in the photo so I tried searching "old lady denounced on the
floor of the senate", with that I came up mostly with Ingrid Bergman.  That didn't
work.  I decided, in looking at the clothing to put 1900 in the search and there was
Mother Jones.  I figure you asked about the year because of her clothing style.  
Apparently she wanted to appear more grandmotherly so she wore outdated clothing.  

My husband is so "disgusting".  After working hard to figure out the quiz I showed him
the picture and told him the question.  He looked at it and said, "Oh, Mother Jones"  
"That has to be the 20s because that is when Calvin Coolidge was president"
Oh well, I do these quizzes to keep my brain young.  I could never compete with his
brain though.                                                                             
Milene Rawlinson

Love this one!.  I work for a labor union ;-0  And I have a Worker’s Memorial Day
Poster of her on my wall in the office.                                               
Tish Olshefski

I had never heard of her. This was a nice one. I think she's adorable and very
Mary South

[She is buried at] 39.080°N, 89.733°W                                       
Mike Swierczewski

N.B.  There's always one in the class...

I wish my grandfather was still alive so I could find out if he knew of Mother Jones.
He owned a coal mine in the 1920s and I recall him talking about how much he
hated/dreaded the union organizers in conversations with my husband, a UAW member.

I just read that she was a teacher in a convent in Monroe, MI....just down the road
from me. Very interesting lady!                                                             
Mary South

I recognized Calvin and Grace Coolidge. did not recognize Teddy R. Jr. But I didn't
need the hint this time!                                                                    
Debbie Johnson

I recognized Coolidge (no, I'm not that old), and it didn’t take long to find another
picture, dated 1924, of Coolidge and Jones in the same clothing.              
Peter Norton

All I had to do was Google "Mother Jones" +Coolidge and up popped this photo. She
was buried in the United Mine Workers Union Cemetery in Mount Olive, Illinois. I
found this by googling "Where was Mother Jones buried." The new Google search put
both sites right at the top of the list.  I have an affinity for feisty Irish women. My
mother was one, and, in time, I hope to be one, too.                            
Carole Cropley

I used to read the magazine called "Mother Jones" once in a while when I was a kid.
Check out the magazine's website….
                                                                                    Susan E. Skidmore
This is a woman far ahead of her time and a fascinating person. Thanks for the
opportunity to research her.                                                                    
Jim Baker

One of the things that I most like about the quizzes is that I always learn something,
and I love learning new things.  I'd always heard of Mother Jones but didn't know the
details of her life.  She was really quite a remarkable woman who made a positive
difference in the lives of more people than she could have imagined.    

It being "denounced on the floor of the senate" that caught my attention.  I figured that
whoever she was it was going to be interesting.  One thing that is pretty consistent
through out history is that the government isn't a good judge of character.  
Mary Anne Campbell
Tennessee.  Here I was married in 1861.  My husband was an iron moulder and a
member of the Iron Moulders’ Union.

In 1867, a fever epidemic swept Memphis. Its victims were mainly among the poor and
the workers. The rich and the well-to-do fled the city. Schools and churches were
closed. People were not permitted to enter the house of a yellow fever victim without
permits. The poor could not afford nurses. Across the street from me, ten persons lay
dead from the plague. The dead surrounded us. They were buried at night quickly and
without ceremony. All about my house I could hear weeping and the cries of delirium.
One by one, my four little children sickened and died. I washed their little bodies and
got them ready for burial. My husband caught the fever and died. I sat alone through
nights of grief. No one came to me. No one could. Other homes were as stricken as
was mine. All day long, all night long, I heard the grating of the wheels of the death cart.

After the union had buried my husband, I got a permit to nurse the sufferers. This I did
until the plague was stamped out.
If you have a picture you'd like us to feature a picture in a future quiz, please
email it to us at If we use it, you will receive a free analysis of
your picture. You will also receive a free
Forensic Genealogy CD or a 10%
discount towards the purchase of the
Forensic Genealogy book.
On 30 June 1924, Coolidge's two
sons, John and Calvin Jr., set out
to play tennis on the White House
tennis court. 16-year-old Calvin
Jr., in a hurry to get out on the
court, donned tennis shoes but no
socks. Young Calvin's sockless
exertions raised a blister on one of
his toes, which soon became
infected. The modern antibiotics
that would quickly clear up such
an infection today did not exist in
1924, and by the time White House
physicians were summoned to treat
Calvin Jr., it was too late -- he died
If you enjoy our quizzes, don't forget to order our books!
Quiz #272 Results
Answer to Quiz #272
September 12, 2010
of pathogenic blood poisoning a week later.
Comments from Our Readers
Mother Jones
c 1914
had no halls, when there were no high salaried officers,
no feasting with the enemies of labor. Those were the
days of the martyrs and the saints. I became acquainted
with the labor movement. I learned that in 1865, after
the close of the Civil War, a group of men met in
Louisville, Kentucky. They came from the North and
from the South; they were the “blues” and the “greys”
who a year or two before had been fighting each other
over the question of chattel slavery. They decided that
the time had come to formulate a program to fight
another brutal form of slavery-industrial slavery. Out of
this decision had come the Knights of Labor.

From the time of the Chicago fire I became more and
more engrossed in the labor struggle and I decided to
"I asked a man in prison once
how he happened to be there,
and he said he had stolen a loaf
of bread.

I told him if he had stolen a
railroad, he'd be a US Senator."
I was born in the city of Cork, Ireland, in 1830.
My people were poor. For generations they had
fought for Ireland’s freedom. Many of my folks
have died in that struggle. My father, Richard
Harris, came to America in 1835, and as soon as he
had become an American citizen he sent for his
family. His work as a laborer with railway
construction crews took him to Toronto, Canada.
Here I was brought up but always as the child of
an American citizen. Of that citizenship I have ever
been proud.

After finishing the common schools, I attended the
Normal school with the intention of becoming a
teacher. Dressmaking too, I learned proficiently.
My first position was teaching in a convent in
Monroe, Michigan. Later, I came to Chicago and
opened a dress-making establishment. I preferred
sewing to bossing little children. However, I went
back to teaching again, this time in Memphis,
Mother Jones' Autobiography
Chapter I, Early Years
How Carol Solved the Puzzle
I started out looking at a very long list of magazine names.  
When I got to McCall’s, I confess that I stopped for a trip
down memory lane.  I remember Betsy McCall paper dolls.  
Continuing down the list, once I came to Mother Jones I
had a good feeling.  I looked up Mother Jones magazine and
I saw photos that looked similar to the one in your photo.

I almost gave up on the year of the photo.  I started by
looking at fashion history.  I was going to guess between
1900 and 1910, but a guess was not satisfactory.  Then I
searched for biographies.  Lo and behold, I came across a
Library of Congress photo in which she is wearing the
exact same outfit.  It was dated 1924.  Who knows how
long she owned it before the photo, but the question was
“about what year” rather than the exact year.

As for the burial location, that was referenced in the bios.  
Photos of her tombstone can be found on the Find A Grave
Carol Farrant
I returned to Chicago and went again into the
dressmaking business with a partner. We were located
on Washington Street near the lake. We worked for the
aristocrats of Chicago, and I had ample opportunity to
observe the luxury and extravagance of their lives.
Often while sewing for the lords and barons who lived
in magnificence on the Lake Shore Drive, I would look
out of the plate glass windows and see the poor,
shivering wretches, ,jobless and hungry, walking along
the frozen lake front. The contrast of their condition
with that of the tropical comfort of the people for
whom I sewed was painful to me. My employers
seemed neither to notice nor to care.

Summers, too, from the windows of the rich, I used to
watch the mothers come from the west side slums,
lugging babies and little children, hoping for a breath of
cool, fresh air from the lake. At night, when the tenements were stifling hot, men,
women and little children slept in the parks. But the rich, having donated to the ice
fund, had, by the time it was hot in the city, gone to seaside and mountains.

In October, 1871, the great Chicago fire burned up our establishment and everything
that we had. The fire made thousands homeless. We stayed all night and the next day
without food on the lake front, often going into the lake to keep cool. Old St. Mary’s
church at Wabash Avenue and Peck Court was thrown open to the refugees and there I
camped until I could find a place to go.

Near by in an old, tumbled down, fire scorched building the Knights of Labor held
meetings. The Knights of Labor was the labor organization of those days. I used to
spend my evenings at their meetings, listening to splendid speakers. Sundays we went
out into the woods and held meetings.

Those were the days of sacrifice for the cause of labor. Those were the days when we
Mary Harris Jones
Mother Jones
take an active part in the efforts of the working people to better the conditions under
which they worked and lived. I became a member of the Knights of Labor.

One of the first strikes that I remember occurred in the Seventies. The Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad employees went on strike and they sent for me to come help them. I
went. The mayor of Pittsburgh swore in as deputy sheriffs a lawless, reckless bunch of
fellows who had drifted into that city during the panic of 1873. They pillaged and
burned and rioted and looted. Their acts were charged up to the striking workingmen.
The governor sent the militia.

The Railroads had succeeded in getting a law passed that in case of a strike, the
train-crew should bring in the locomotive to the round-house before striking. This law
the strikers faithfully obeyed. Scores of locomotives were housed in Pittsburgh.

One night a riot occurred. Hundreds of box cars standing on the tracks were soaked
with oil and set on fire and sent down the tracks to the roundhouse. The roundhouse
caught fire. Over one hundred locomotives, belonging to the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company were destroyed. It was a wild night. The flames lighted the sky and turned to
fiery flames the steel bayonets of the soldiers.

The strikers were charged with the crimes of arson and rioting, although it was
common knowledge that it was not they who instigated the fire; that it was started by
hoodlums backed by the business men of Pittsburgh who for a long time had felt that

Mother Jones: The Magazine

Mother Jones' founders envisioned a magazine devoted to a
new brand of socially conscious journalism—one that took
on corporate as well as political power. Twenty-five years
later, that mission remains as timely as ever.

By Adam Hochschild
May/June 2001 issue

When the first issue of Mother Jones arrived back from the
printer 25 years ago, the 17 of us then on the magazine's
staff eagerly clustered around to rip open the boxes and
touch and feel the printed pages at last. We were then
working in cramped quarters above a San Francisco
McDonald's, and the smell of frying burgers drifted up
from below. We would have been amazed to know that the
magazine would still be here, some 200 issues and several
offices later. Multinationals like McDonald's endure forever,
it seems, while dissenting magazines flare up, attract a little
attention, and then die. While copies of Mother Jones may
not blanket the world today quite as thoroughly as do Big
Macs, more than 165,000 households will receive the issue
you are reading, and the magazine's Web site logs 1.25
million page views each month.

None of us here a quarter century ago could have dreamed
of the World Wide Web; in fact, for the first few years the
magazine was even set in hot type, a 19th-century
technology using molten lead. Look at an early issue of
Mother Jones under a magnifying glass and you'll notice the
subtly irregular pits and flecks in the letters. Printing purists
feel about hot type the way rail buffs feel about steam
engines. But despite changes in how the magazine is
produced, the causes it covers and its passion for justice
are very much the same.

business men of Pittsburgh who for a long time had felt that the
Railroad Company discriminated against their city in the matter
of rates.

I knew the strikers personally. I knew that it was they who had
tried to enforce orderly law. I knew they disciplined their
members when they did violence. I knew, as everybody knew,
who really perpetrated the crime of burning the railroad’s
property. Then and there I learned in the early part of my career
that labor must bear the cross for others’ sins, must be the
vicarious sufferer for the wrongs that others do.

These early years saw the beginning of America’s industrial life.
Hand and hand with the growth of factories and the expansion
of railroads, with the accumulation of capital and the rise of
banks, came anti-labor legislation. Came strikes. Came violence.
Came the belief in the hearts and minds of the workers that
legislatures but carry out the will of the industrialists.
Bookmark and Share

1.  Marry Harris Jones, aka Mother Jones
2.  26 September 1924 at the White House
with the Coolidges and Teddy Roosevelt, Jr.
3.  In Miners' Cemetery
Mother Jones was invited to the White
House to endorse President Coolidge for
re-election in 1924. She represented
two voter blocks - union coal miners and
Irish immigrants. Taxes and the cost of
government were topics in a Coolidge
speech that year. These topics still are
important issues today.

Stan Read
Research on Mother Jones and Her Family
Submitted by Marilyn Hamill
Mother Jones and the Presidential Election of 1924
1871 Canadian Census
William Harris
Mother Jones' brother
1930 Census
Cross St.
Silvercreek Township, MI
Carl Northdurft & Wife Ethel
living with Mother-in-law
Ellen Hickey, Mother Jones' Sister
About Mother Jones and Her Family
Mary Harris listed as 23 years old ==>
birth year was 1837-1838 despite her
later statements to the contrary.
She was denounced from the floor of the Senate.

1.  Who is the little old lady?
2.  About what year was this picture taken?
3.  Where is she buried?

here for hint.
1870 US Census
Chicago, IL
Ellen Hickey and Family
Mother Jones' Sister & Family
1880 US Census
N. Franklin St.
Chicago, IL
Ellen Hickey and Family
Mother Jones' Sister & Family
Submitted by Dr. Stan Read

Hear Coolidge's speech about labor and the economy
from the White House grounds 1924.
The first presidential film with sound recording.
1861 Canadian Census
Place of
Richard Harris
Ellen Harris
Catherine Harris
Ellen Harris Jr
Rich Harris Jr
William Harris (absent)
Marie Harris (absent)
Isabella Dunlap
Mary Dunlap
Place of
William Hickey
New York
Ellen Hickey
Canada Ir
Ellen L. Hickey
William Hickey
4/12 (Feb)
Place of
William Hickey
Wks in hotel
New York
Ellen Hickey
Nellie Hickey
William Hickey
Henry Hickey
Daisy Hickey
8/12 (Nov)
The biography written by Elliott J Gorn, of which I can
only get tantalizing glances, goes into the ambiguity of
Mary's early years and how she seems to have rewritten

When I found the 1861 Canada census entry and the
previous 1850 Vermont one for Richard Harris, her early
timeline really seems to fall apart.  She states in her
autobiography that she came to the US in 1835 with her
mother and siblings after her father came here earlier.  

If she was, indeed, born in 1830 this could not be.  The
1861 census shows her to be 23 years old, named Marie,
and absent from home.  If she had been living away from
home for an extended time in Michigan, Chicago, and
Tennessee, would she still have been listed with the family?  
Her parents were married in February of 1834 in County
Cork.  That solves that.  Mary, the second child, was
baptised 1 August 1837.  She was hired to teach at the
Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary School in Monroe,
MI on 31 August 1859.

In the IGI from is found the marriage of
George E Jones and Mary Frances Harris on 18 Dec 1860
in Memphis, Shelby, TN.  No name of submitter.  Whoever
it was believed Mary was born in May of 1830, however.  
The children born to them are also listed in the IGI as
Catherine, 1862, Elizabeth, 1863, Terence, 1865, and Mary,
1866, but lists them as dying in 1866, not 1867.

Elliott Gorn has found the church birth registers, however,
from little pieces I can see of the book (I'm going to have to
go to the library, I see!) and shows that Mary, the youngest
was born 18 Jan 1867.

Following are my own findings:

1930 census - age 99, married at age 18.  If this is true and
she was born in 1830, she was married in 1848.  If she is
off by 7 years, it would be 1856, indicating she was
married before George Jones, or she had some other reason
to lie about her marriage, or, she forgot her own story.

The only two George Jones' I found in Tennessee in 1860
were 13 and 10.  I didn't find Mary Harris, born 1837 or
1830 in 1860.

I didn't find any widowed Mary Jones born in Ireland in any
year in Chicago in 1870. Didn't find any widowed Mary
Jones born in Ireland in Illinois in 1880. The only Mary
Jones born in Ireland in May 1830 in the 1900 census
immigrated in 1885.

In 1920 she obtained a passport to visit Mexico and listed
her place of residence as Washington, DC.  I found no
Mary Jones born 1830 or born Ireland there in 1920.

The Canada 1861 census shows Richard 48, Ellen, 38,
Richard Jr, 27, Marie, 23, Catherine, 19, Ellen Jr, 16,
William, 13.
1920 US Census
Lowe Ave.
Chicago, IL
George Harris and Family
including William and Ellen Hickey
Place of
George Harris
Mabel Harris
William Hickey
New York
Ellen Hickey
Prac Nurse
Ethel Hickey
Albert Yingling*
1930 Census
Cross St.
Silvercreek Township, MI
Carl Northdurft & Wife Ethel
living with Mother-in-law
Ellen Hickey, Mother Jones' Sister
1930 Census
Road leading to Tacoma Park
Beltsville, MD
Mary A. Jones as a guest with
Walter B. & Lillian M. Burgess
More Pictures of Mother Jones