The semi-arid Island offered limited plant resources, so the Islanders traded sea
products and, in later years, steatite for their other needs. The Islanders made the
20-mile voyage to the mainland (and to the other Channel Islands) in well-crafted plank
canoes. Steatite (an easily carvable rock that does not crack when put in the fire) from
Santa Catalina has been found in both mainland and Island sites throughout Southern

Over the millennia, as peoples migrated through California, different groups of Native
Americans would have made their homes on the Island. For several thousand years
before European contact, the Los Angeles basin and the Southern Channel Islands
(Santa Catalina, San Clemente, and San Nicholas) appear to have been inhabited by
peoples of linguistic affinity--the Takic branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family.

At the time of first European contact, it is thought that the people living on Santa
Catalina Island called their island Pimu and themselves Pimungans (or Pimuvit). They
were excellent seamen and paddled their plank canoes skillfully across the sometimes
treacherous channel to trade. After Spanish colonization, their apparently flourishing
population declined drastically with the introduction of new diseases to which they had
little immunity. As the mission system altered the economic landscape of Southern
California, the Pimungans' trade and social networks were disrupted.

The Spanish Arrive

The Pimungans of Santa Catalina Island paddled out to greet the Spanish galleon that
bore the explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo to their shores on October 7, 1542. Just 50
years after Columbus first sailed into the Western Hemisphere, the Viceroy of New
Spain (Mexico) had authorized an expedition up the coast of California in search of a
passage to the Far East. The Pimungans were invited aboard ship and gifts were
exchanged. It is not known which cove the Spanish ship anchored in. Cabrillo, of
Development occurs also at the smaller settlements Rancho Escondido and Middle
Ranch. The remaining population is scattered over the island between the two
population centers. The island has an overall population density of 49.29/mi²
Santa Catalina Island, often called Catalina
Island, or just Catalina, is a rocky island
off the coast of the U.S. state of
California. The island is 22 miles (35 km)
long and eight miles (13 km) across at its
greatest width. The island is located about
22 miles (35 km) south-southwest of Los
Angeles, California. The highest point on
the island is 2097 ft (639 m) Mt. Orizaba,
at  33°22′29.7″N 118°25′11.6″W /
33.374917°N 118.419889°W.

Part of the Channel Islands of California
archipelago, Catalina falls under the
jurisdiction of Los Angeles County. Most
of the island is owned by the Catalina
Island Conservancy.

The total population as of the 2000 census
was 3,696 persons with almost 85
percent living in its only city of Avalon
(pop. 3,127, with another 195 south of
the city outside of the city limits). The
second center of population is the
unincorporated town of Two Harbors, in
the north, with a population of 298.
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1.  Avalon, Catalina Island
2.  10:30 pm
3.  Wrigley, as in Wrigley's Chewing Gum, owned a major portion of the island.
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Quiz #258 Results
The Casino
Early History

People have been living on Santa Catalina
Island for at least 7,000 years.
Archaeologists excavating on a limited
scale at Little Harbor on the seaward side
of the Island have found evidence of
increasingly complex material cultures.
These earlier groups of peoples exploited
the rich resources of the sea--from
abalone and other mollusks, to small and
large fish, and marine mammals such as
sea lions.
spring training on Catalina Island. Wrigley Field, the
Cubs' ballpark in Chicago, is named for the owner.
The now-demolished former home of the Los
Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League, at that
time the Cubs' top farm team, was also called
Wrigley Field. He purchased the Chicago Cubs from
Albert Lasker in 1925. The Arizona Biltmore Hotel in
Phoenix, Arizona was partially financed, then wholly
owned, by Wrigley, who finished the nearby Wrigley
Mansion as a winter cottage in 1931. At 16,000
square feet (1,500 m2) it was the smallest of his five

William Wrigley Jr. died January 26, 1932, at age 70,
and was interred in his custom-designed
course, claimed the Island for the King of Spain. The visit
was duly noted in the ship's log and the Island was given the
name San Salvador, after Cabrillo's ship. Cabrillo sailed on up
the coast after about half a day.

Except for the possible occasional sighting of the yearly
Manila Galleon sailing down the coast on its return to New
Spain from the Philippines, the Pimungans were left in peace
until 1602. On November 24, the eve of St. Catherine's Day,
the ship of the second Spanish explorer, Sebastian Viscaino,
sighted the Island. Viscaino renamed it Santa Catalina in
honor of Saint Catherine. His party stayed a day or two
longer than Cabrillo and explored a bit on foot before sailing
on. An Augustinian friar with the expedition said the first
Catholic Mass on Santa Catalina. Relations with the
Pimungans were amicable, although the Islanders became distressed when the sailors
shot some Ravens, which held a special place in their world.

Read more about Catalina Island's evolution from a west coast outpost for trappers and
contraband dealers to the resort area of today.  Click
sarcophogus near his beloved home on California's Catalina Island, located in the tower
of the island's Wrigley Memorial & Botanical Gardens. But a decade after his death,
Wrigley was moved during World War II due to war/security concerns. His original
grave memorial marker still adores the tower site. Wrigley was reinterred in the corridor
alcove end of the Sanctuary of Gratitude, at Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in
Glendale, California. He left his fortune to daughter Dorothy Wrigley Offield, and son,
P.K. Wrigley, who continued to run the company businesses for the next 45 years until
his death, in 1977, and whose ashes today rests near his father, in the same Sanctuary
of Gratitude alcove.

His great-grandson William Wrigley, Jr. II is the executive-chairman and ex CEO of the
Wrigley Company. Mr Wrigley, Jr. was inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S.
Business Hall of Fame in 2000.
Juan Rodriguez
This and That: Quirky Facts About Santa Catalina Island
created the Pebbly Beach quarry and tile plant, at a beach located near Avalon. Along
with creating a job market for Avalon residents, the plant also provided materials for
Wrigley's numerous building projects on the island. After the building of Avalon's
Casino (see Avalon Theater (Catalina)) in 1929, the Catalina Clay Products Tile and
Pottery Plant began churning out handmade glazed tiles, dinnerware and other practical
household items such as bookends. Nowadays, Catalina art pottery are highly popular
antique collectibles.

However, William Wrigley Jr.'s greatest legacy was his plan for the future of Catalina
Island — that it remain protected for all generations to enjoy. His son, P.K. Wrigley,
eventually established the Catalina Island Conservancy for this in 1972 and transferred
all family ownership to it. Wrigley is honored with the Wrigley Memorial in the Wrigley
Botanical Gardens on the island.

Wrigley was also owner of the Chicago Cubs baseball team, which held its annual
* There is a long waiting period for
residents who want to bring a personal
vehicle to the city of Avalon (other than
a golf cart). As of June 17, 2002, there
were 1,591 people on the waiting list
and the person at the top of the list
signed up on February 9, 1989.

* In 1924 a film company brought 14
bison to the Island to make a movie and
left them behind. Today the Catalina
Island Conservancy manages the herd
and keeps their numbers at about 200.

* The largest native land mammal on
the Island is the diminutive Catalina
Island Grey Fox.

* The last time it snowed on the Island
was in 1949.

* As a teenager, popular golfer Tiger
Moonrise Anywhere
This is the harbor of Catalina Island off the coast of CA - beautiful!  I thought this was
a picture from the Mediterranean at first.                                               
Nicole Blank

The Wrigley Mansion still sits up on top of the hill. 50+years ago, my great aunt  told
me how we were related to the Wrigley's, but I have never been able to trace the
connection.  The best salt water taffy is sold there!                              
Sharon Martin

I have never been to CA (never been off the East Coast actually) but the pictures of the
beaches and mountains and coastline are so beautiful, it does look exotic.  I would have
bet money that the island in that pic was in the Mediterranean from my first glance at
the picture.  Even when I Googled and found the Nautilus submarine I still tried to find
other places that had the same tourist attraction because I didn't believe it was part of
CA.  Ha                                                                                             
Nicole Blank

The key was to blow up the picture of the submarine and determine it said Nautilus
adventure ocean tours on the side. I kept looking in central and south america where
the Chicle is produced.I then focused on the boat.                                      
Jim Kiser


[Moonrise is] 9:45pm when the lunar ticks come out for their daily blood meal.
Mike Swierczewski

N.B.  What's with the lunar ticks and the blood meal???  Q. Gen.

Lunar ticks ("lunatics") just jokingly must have a "blood meal". [Avalon] looks like a
nice place to visit and chew gum at the same time!                       
Mike Swierczewski

Remark from the Quizmaster General:

I was getting my hair cut years ago in my favorite salon, and the ladies next to me
were oohing and aahing over a brochure of the Riviera, saying how much they'd love
to take a vacation out there because the weather was so nice all the time and the
scenery was so beautiful.  I laughed and remarked to them that there was probably a
hair salon on the Riviera where the women were oohing and aahing over a brochure
of California  - saying how much they'd love to take a vacation out there because the
weather was so nice all the time and the scenery so beautiful!

That's funny!  Reminds me of when I was visiting Bermuda and remarked to a local
how beautiful the island was, with its large tropical, fragrant flowers.  His reply was,
"It's nothing compared to your New England in the Fall!"  I guess the grass is always
greener.  :)                                                                           
Deborah Lee Stewart

Ah, Catalina Island...This one took me a while. The submarine reminded me of the
tourist submarine that used to operate out of Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, (USVI) in
1991 when I was there on my honeymoon and I was stuck on that for awhile.....This is
a picture of Avalon Bay, Avalon, Catalina Island (AKA Santa Catalina Island), 22 miles
SW off the coast of Los Angeles, California. The semi-submersible submarine is the
"Atlantis" of Catalina Adventure Tours. Almost a full 85% of the 22 mile long by 13
mile wide island's population lives in Avalon.                     
Robert W. Steinmann, Jr.
* There are between 6 and 9 endemic plants found on the Island, a number that varies
due to frequent changes in plant nomenclature and classification.

* Santa Catalina Island did not convert to dial telephones until 1978. Until then, callers
picked up the phone to talk to the switchboard operator who answered, "Number,

* In 1927, a seventeen-year old named George Young from Toronto, Canada won the
Wrigley Ocean Marathon swim. He was the only entrant to actually finish the course,
which started at the Catalina Island isthmus and ended at Point Vincentes on the
mainland, and he won the prize of $25,000.
William Wrigley, Jr.,_Jr
Woods played several Junior Golf Tournaments on the Avalon golf course.

* Surface ocean temperatures around the island range from low 50's in winter to the
low 70's in summer.

* Average annual rainfall on the Island from the years 1950 to 2000 was 12.2 inches in
Avalon and 13.8 inches at Catalina's Airport-in-the-Sky.

* Actress Marilyn Monroe lived on the Island for a year and a half during WWII when
her husband James Dougherty, a lieutenant in the Merchant Marine, was stationed in

* From 1894 to 1898 Otto J. and Oswald Zahn conducted a pigeon mail service
between Avalon and Bunker Hill in downtown Los Angeles.
* Catalina Island is part of Los Angeles
County, and Avalon, incorporated in
1913, was the thirtieth city in the county.

* Catalina Island is part of the Long Beach
Unified School District and enrollment for
Avalon Public Schools grades K-12 in the
2001-02 school year was 739 students,
including the 12 who attend school in the
Little Red Schoolhouse at Two Harbors.

* The Chicago Cubs trained on Catalina
Island from 1921 to 1951.

* Avalon's golf course was first built in
1892, making it the oldest course in
Southern California.

* The Island was named for St. Catherine
by Spanish explorer Sebastian Viscaino,
hence the Spanish name "Santa Catalina."

* There was once an exclusive gambling
establishment on Whittley Avenue called
Answer to Quiz #258
May 30, 2010
Google Earth image of Avalon Bay
Comments from Our Readers
the Pilgrim Club. Built in 1902, it burned down in the Avalon fire of 1915, along with
the about a third of the town.

* The City of Avalon Fire Department is headed by Chief Steven Hoefs. When there is a
fire a loud siren sounds, (on 30 seconds, off 30 seconds, on 30 seconds) summoning
the firemen and volunteers to duty.

* The oldest house in Avalon is located at the corner of Marilla and Vieudelou. In
French, "vieu de l'eau" means view of the water.

* In 1929, Winston Churchill visited the Island just long enough to catch a marlin in
record time.

* The U. S. Post Office does not deliver mail to Avalon residents. They pick up their

1.  What location is in the background of this photo?
2.  What time is moonrise at this location on 30 May 2010?
3.  What does this location have to do with chewing gum?
Submitted by long time and highly revered Quizmaster Mike Dalton..
Congratulations to Our Winners!

Cyndy Brabender                Julie Martin
Jillian Dart                Caroline Seipp
Maureen Dolan                Ed Vielmetti
Tamura Jones                Nicole Blank
Donna Jolley                Tim Groves
Dave Town                Milene Rawlinson
Sharon Martin                Deborah Campisano
Liz Rector                Wendy Plew
Terry Hollenstain                Judy Pfaff
Collier Smith                Susan Skidmore
Audrey Nicholson                Carl Blessing
Stan Read                Tom McEntee
Jim Kiser                Mary Hurley
Janis Comstock-Jones                Edee Scott
Jim Baker                Betty Chambers
Joshua Kreitzer                Carole Cropley
Jessica Jolley                Wayne Douglas
Mike Swierczewski                Deborah Lee Stewart
Daniel E. Jolley                Karen Kay Bunting
Diane Burkett                Marilyn Hamill
Don Draper                Beth Long
Debbie Ciccarelli                Arthur Hartwell
Robert W. Steinmann, Jr.                Mary Anne Campbell
Avalon Bay at Sunset
In Honor of our 5th Anniversary,
please enjoy ten of our favorite quizzes from 2005-2006
How Don Solved the Puzzle
Santa Catalina Island,_California
The Nautilus logo on the submarine's conning tower was the
best clue to the location of the photograph.  If you Google on
words such as Nautilus, yellow submarine, etc., you will
come up with a number of sites pointing you to Catalina
Tours at

If you miss the logo, and you just surf on "yellow
submarine"  you will come up with hits relating to the Beatle's
song by that name.  That's not the same thing.
Catalina Island from above.

There are many websites that will give
you the sunrise, sunset and moonrise
and moonset for anyday, anywhere on
earth.  If you Google suing the word
"moonrise" or "moonrise anywhere"
one of the top hits will be for the
website of the U.S. Naval Observatory.
Avalon showing the casino.
Solving this quiz took some real internet detective work. Initial
searches for photos of a yellow submarine proved quite futile. Most of
what surfaced were cartoon type sketches of The Beatles’ Yellow
Submarine. Besides, the boat really did not look like a true submarine.

The marina and somewhat tropical setting suggested a tourist area and
searches for Submarine Tour Boat eventually gave better results. If the
lettering on the side of the boat was more distinctive, this puzzle would
be easier to figure out. I did find that Catalina Adventure Tours
operates a kind of window-bottom tour boat called The Nautilus.
Passengers can view and interact with aquatic life around the Santa
Catalina Island, located west of Los Angeles California. Discovering
that the Wrigley family used to control all shares of the island property
gave reassurance I had found the right area. (This is the connection
the location has to chewing gum)

The background area looks very developed and Google Earth illustrates
that Avalon, CA is the one town that even approaches this level of
housing. I believe the background location is Avalon. The websites an gave the astrological data.
Moonrise over Avalon on May 30, 2010 was 10:38 p.m., PDT. This
sounds like a wonderful place to visit.

Don Draper
Google Earth image of Catalina Island
mail in the Post Office Arcade located in
the Atwater Building with entrances on
both Metropole and Sumner streets.

* Currently, Avalon residents have a total
of 1,285 golf cart permits.

* Many scenes in the movie Mutiny on
the Bounty with Clark Gable and Charles
Laughton, were filmed at Two Harbors in
Bookmark and Share
William Wrigley Jr. (September 30, 1861–January 26,
1932) was a U.S. chewing gum industrialist. He was
founder and eponym of the Wm. Wrigley Jr.
Company in 1891. He was born in Philadelphia,

Wrigley played an instrumental role in the history of
Catalina Island, off the shore of Los Angeles,
California. He bought controlling interest in the island
in 1919 and improved the island with public utilities,
new steamships, a hotel, the Casino building, and
extensive plantings of trees, shrubs and flowers. He
also sought to create an enterprise which would help
employ local residents. By using clay and minerals
found on the island in 1927 William Wrigley Jr.
Fast Facts about Santa Catalina Island
Pacific Ocean
Channel Islands of CA
74.98 mi² (194.19 km²)
2097 ft (639 m)  
Highest Point
Mt. Orizaba
United States
Los Angeles
Largest City
Avalon (pop. 3,147)
19.03 /km2 (49.3 /sq mi)
Located less than twenty
miles from Los Angeles,
Catalina Island's
seventy-six square miles
are covered with broad
valleys, isolated coves,
pristine beaches,
two-thousand foot peaks
and near vertical shoreline
Catalina Island Conservancy
uses. These efforts
culminated in 1975,
when the Catalina Island
Conservancy took over
the ownership of 88% of
Catalina -- more than
42,000 acres. Today, the
Catalina Island
Conservancy is on the
cutting edge of natural
resource management.
Throughout Catalina's
vast interior and along its
magnificent coastline,
you will find the Catalina
The Garibaldi
See more beautiful photographs
of the aquatic life around Catalina
Island. Click
This diverse habitat is home to thousands of species of unique native
plants and animals. Of these natives, fifteen -- including the stately
Catalina Mahogany, the shy Catalina Island Fox and the prolific
Beechey Ground Squirrel-- are found nowhere else in the world.

Since its rediscovery early in the sixteenth century by European
explorers, Catalina Island has served people's needs, often at the
expense of its native life forms. During the past two hundred years,
Catalina has been used for ambitious livestock and mining efforts, each
having left its mark on the island's landscape.

However, beginning in the early part of the twentieth century with the
purchase of Catalina Island by William Wrigley Jr., a healing process
was initiated. Under the Wrigley stewardship, the protection and
beautification of Catalina Island took priority over more consumptive
Island Conservancy at work -- preserving natural diversity and scenic
splendor while allowing thousands of visitors annually to enjoy this
spectacular island.

In addition to featuring one of the nation's leading ecological
restoration programs, the Catalina Island Conservancy offers a wide
array of environmental education and outdoor recreation programs and

One hundred percent of the financial support for the Catalina Island
Conservancy comes from private funds -- no public tax dollars are
used in any Catalina Island Conservancy program. As a result, our
membership is our lifeblood.

The Wrigley Gardens are open daily from 8a.m. to 5p.m., year round.

Adult Admission is $5, children under 12 are free.

Getting There
The Memorial and Gardens are one and a half miles up Avalon Canyon
Road. The walk is pleasant, passing the Golf Course, the town's
ballpark, and the Hermit Gulch campground.

Catalina Island Conservancy
P.O. Box 2739
Avalon, CA 90704
(310) 510-2595
Don't you wish you lived
on Catalina Island?

See more photos
of beautiful Catalina Island.

According to the calculator,
the moon rose at Avalon, CA
at 10:38 on May 30,. 2010.
U.S. Naval Observatory
Astronomical Applications Department

Sun and Moon Data for One Day

The following information is provided for Avalon, Los Angeles
County, California (longitude W118.3, latitude N33.3):

30 May 2010           Pacific Daylight Time

Begin civil twilight      5:17 a.m.                 
Sunrise                      5:45 a.m.                 
Sun transit                12:51 p.m.                 
Sunset                       7:57 p.m.                 
End civil twilight         8:25 p.m.                 

Moonrise                   9:55 p.m. on preceding day
Moon transit              2:57 a.m.                 
Moonset                    8:01 a.m.                 
Moonrise                  10:38 p.m.                 
Moonset                     9:00 a.m. on following day

Phase of the Moon on 30 May:  Waning gibbous with 92% of the
Moon's visible disk illuminated.

Full Moon on 27 May 2010 at 4:08 p.m. Pacific Daylight Time.